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Walter Ulbricht
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-J1231-1002-002 Walter Ulbricht, Neujahrsansprache.jpg
Ulbricht in 1970.
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany
In office
25 July 1950 – 3 May 1971
Preceded by Post jointly held by Wilhelm Pieck and Otto Grotewohl
Succeeded by Erich Honecker
Chairman of the State Council of the
German Democratic Republic
In office
12 September 1960 – 1 August 1973
Preceded by Wilhelm Pieck
As State President
Succeeded by Willi Stoph
Personal details
Born (1893-06-30)30 June 1893
Leipzig, Kingdom of Saxony, German Empire
Died 1 August 1973(1973-08-01) (aged 80)
Groß Dölln, Templin, East Germany
Nationality German
Political party SPD (1912-1917)
USPD (1917-1920)
KPD (1920-1946)
SED (1946-1973)
Spouse(s) Martha Schmellinsky (1920 -?)
Lotte Kühn (1953-1973)
Profession Politician

Walter Ernst Paul Ulbricht (30 June 1893 – 1 August 1973) was a German communist politician.

Ulbricht played a leading role in the creation of the Weimar-era Communist Party of Germany (KPD). He was a member of both the Landtag of Saxony and the Reichstag during the Weimar Republic.

Some time after Hitler's rise to power Ulbricht fled to France and later to the Soviet Union. As leader of the communist Ulbricht Group he returned to Berlin on April 30, 1945. He was the first secretary of the Socialist Unity Party (SED), and leading East Germany from 1950 to 1971. From President Wilhelm Pieck's death in 1960, he was also the East German head of state until his own death in 1973.

Besides being a sports fanatic, Ulbricht considered himself an expert on architecture and urban planning, and was therefore responsible for the destruction of several ancient buildings in East Germany.

He was also involved in intellectual activities by writing a series of books about the history of the German labor movement.

Bundesarchiv Bild 183-66400-0142, Leipzig, Turn- und Sportfest, Walter Ulbricht
Ulbricht (with tie) participating in sporting activities

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