Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm (November 30, 1924 – January 1, 2005) was an American politician, educator, and writer. She was a member of the Democratic Party.
Chisholm was born in Brooklyn, New York City. She studied at Brooklyn College.
She was a member of the United States House of Representatives for New York's 2nd district. She served as a representative from 1969 to 1983.
She ran for President of the United States in 1972 as a Democrat. She lost the primary to George McGovern. Chisholm became the first major-party black candidate for President of the United States.
She was married to Conrad Chrisholm. Their marriage ended in divorce. Then she was married to Arthur Hardwick, Jr.. Their marriage would last until his death.
Chisholm died in Ormond Beach, Florida from a stroke. She was 80 years old.
Images for kids
Chisholm reviewing political statistics in 1965.
Portrait of Chisholm by Kadir Nelson in the Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
Shirley Chisholm (center) with Congressman Edolphus Towns (left) and his wife, Gwen Towns (right)