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Shoshone River
Unpaired stream terraces.JPG
South Fork Shoshone River in Park County, Wyoming, 1923.
Map of the Bighorn River basin including the Shoshone River
Native name Aashilitshia, "Stinking River"
Aashbikkaashée, "Grass Lodge [Shoshone] River"
Country United States
State Wyoming
Cities Cody, Wyoming, Powell, Wyoming, Lovell, Wyoming
Physical characteristics
Main source Absaroka Range, Wyoming
44°30′04″N 109°11′02″W / 44.50111°N 109.18389°W / 44.50111; -109.18389
River mouth Big Horn River
Lovell, Wyoming
44°51′44″N 108°12′17″W / 44.86222°N 108.20472°W / 44.86222; -108.20472
Length 100 mi (160 km)
Basin features
Basin size 2,989 sq mi (7,740 km2)

The Shoshone River is a 100-mile (160 km) long river in northern Wyoming in the United States. Its headwaters are in the Absaroka Range in Shoshone National Forest. It ends when it runs into the Big Horn River near Lovell, Wyoming. Cities it runs near or through are Cody, Powell, Byron, and Lovell. Near Cody, it runs through a volcanically active region of fumaroles known as Colter's Hell. This contributed to the river being named on old maps of Wyoming as the Stinking Water River.

The current name was established in 1901 due to popular demand.

Buffalo Bill Dam downstream face
Buffalo Bill Dam on the Shoshone River

West of Cody the river is impounded in Shoshone Canyon by the Buffalo Bill Dam, created as part of the Shoshone project; one of the nation's first water conservation projects. A number of hot springs along the Shoshone were drowned by the reservoir. Upstream of Buffalo Bill Reservoir the Shoshone splits into the North Fork, which follows a long canyon down from the Absaroka Mountains to the vicinity of the east entrance of Yellowstone National Park, and the South Fork, which originates at the southern end of the Absarokas.

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