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Simone de Beauvoir
Sartre and de Beauvoir at Balzac Memorial.jpg
Simone de Beavoir and Jean-Paul Sartre at the memorial of Honoré de Balzac]]
Simone Lucie Ernestine Marie Bertrand de Beauvoir

(1908-01-09)9 January 1908
Paris, France
Died 14 April 1986(1986-04-14) (aged 78)
Paris, France
Alma mater University of Paris (B.A., M.A.)
Partner(s) Jean-Paul Sartre (1929–1980; his death)
Nelson Algren (1947–64)
Claude Lanzmann (1952–59)
Era 20th-century philosophy
Region Western philosophy
  • Continental philosophy
  • Existentialism
  • Existential phenomenology
  • French feminism
  • Western Marxism
Main interests
Notable ideas
  • "Ethics of ambiguity"
  • Feminist ethics
  • Existential feminism
Simone de Beauvoir (signature).jpg

Simone de Beauvoir (January 9, 1908 – April 14, 1986) was a French author (writer) and philosopher (person who writes about ways of thinking).

She wrote novels (stories in a book), articles about philosophy ways of thinking or ways of living, and politics, biographies (books about other people's lives) and an autobiography (a book about her life).

Her best known books are She Came to Stay and The Mandarins. Her best known writing about ideas is The Second Sex, which was written in 1949. It describes the bad experiences of women in European society, and suggests how women's lives can be improved.

Early years

Her full name was Simone Lucie-Ernestine-Marie-Bertrand de Beauvoir. She was born on January 9, 1908 in Paris. She studied mathematics and ways of thinking at the Institut Catholique. Then she studied literature and languages at the Institut Sainte-Marie. As well, she studied ways of thinking at the Sorbonne, which is at the University of Paris.

Her writing; personal life

In 1943, de Beauvoir published She Came to Stay, a story about her lover Jean-Paul Sartre (who was also a writer and a philosopher). Next, she wrote a novel called The Mandarins, which won prize.

In 1944 de Beauvoir wrote an article called Pyrrhus et Cinéas, which was about a way of thinking about hard choices that people have to make.

In 1949, she wrote Le deuxième sexe. It was translated by Howard Parshley to The Second Sex. It describes the bad experiences of women in European society, and suggests how women's lives can be improved. The book also discussed ways of thinking about hard choices.

At the end of World War II, de Beauvoir and Sartre started a newspaper about ways of living called Les Temps Modernes.

She died of pneumonia. She is buried next to Sartre at the Cimetière du Montparnasse in Paris.

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