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St Andrew's, Leyland
The Parish Church of St Andrews, Leyland - geograph.org.uk - 500121.jpg
Parish Church of St Andrews
Coordinates: 53°41′19″N 2°41′47″W / 53.6887°N 2.6963°W / 53.6887; -2.6963
OS grid reference SD 54111 21591
Location Leyland, Lancashire
Country England
Denomination Church of England
Churchmanship Conservative Evangelical
History
Status Parish church
Architecture
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II*
Designated 26 July 1951
Administration
Deanery Leyland
Archdeaconry Blackburn
Diocese Blackburn
Province York
Clergy
Curate(s) None
Minister(s) Rev Matthew Cook. Rev Duncan Bell

St Andrew's Church is an Anglican church in Leyland, Lancashire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the Diocese of Blackburn and the archdeaconry of Blackburn. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.

History

Historically, the ecclesiastical parish of Leyland was large and encompassed the townships of Leyland, Euxton, Cuerden, Clayton-le-Woods, Whittle-le-Woods, Hoghton, Withnell, Wheelton, and Heapey. There was likely a Norman church on the site of the present structure. In the 12th century, Warine Bussel, baron of Penwortham, gave the church to Evesham Abbey in Worcestershire. From the 14th century, vicars were appointed to Leyland church by the abbey. Following the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the 16th century, the advowson for the church (the right to nominate a priest) was transferred to John Fleetwood of Penwortham.

The chancel was built in the 14th century and the tower probably dates from the late 15th or early 16th century. The older nave was replaced 1816–17, to a design by a Mr Longworth. The church was restored in 1874 by Lancaster-based architecture firm Paley and Austin. The nave roof was replaced 1951–53, and the chancel roof in 1956.

Present day

St Andrew's was designated a Grade II* listed building on 26 July 1951.

St Andrew's is an active parish church in the Anglican Diocese of Blackburn, which is part of the Province of York. It is in the archdeaconry of Blackburn and the Deanery of Leyland.

St Andrew's is within the Conservative Evangelical tradition of the Church of England. The parish has passed resolutions that rejects the leadership/ordination of women.

Architecture

Exterior

St Andrew's in constructed of stone; its roofs are stone slate and copper. The plan consists of a nave with a square tower to the west and a chancel to the east. North of the chancel is a vestry. The tower is crenellated with four-stage buttresses at its corners and has a moulded plinth. Three sides of the tower have clocks and there are three-light, arched belfry louvres on all sides.

The Gothic-style nave has a crenellated parapet and a copper roof. It has five three-light windows in its north and south walls. The windows are arched, with tracery. The chancel is low and narrow in comparison to the nave. Its three-light, arched windows also have tracery. The east window has three lights under a pointed arch, with chamfered mullions.

Interior and fittings

The inside of the tower measures 16 feet 6 inches (5.03 m) square. The floor is lower than that of the nave and there are five steps through a tall arch that has chamfered orders. Internally, the nave measures 73 feet (22 m) by 52 feet 6 inches (16.00 m). There are three galleries. In the southeast corner, there is a chapel.

The chancel measures 39 feet 3 inches (11.96 m) by 18 feet 4 inches (5.59 m) internally. It is accessed from the nave through a moulded arch with circular piers. There are Perpendicular-style triple sedilia (seats) in the south wall of the chancel, under semi-circular arches. They have moulded labels and next to them is a piscina (basin) with two bowls under a similar arch.

Stained glass in the church includes work by Clayton and Bell and Harry Stammers. There are monuments from the 18th and 19th centuries and the Faringdon Chapel in the nave has 19th-century brasses.

External features

To the east of the chancel there is a small early 19th-century watch and hearse house. It is constructed of ashlar and has a slate roof. The churchyard also contains the war graves of 15 Commonwealth service personnel of World War I, and three of World War II.

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