Leyland, Lancashire facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsLeyland
Almshouses down Fox Lane in Leyland
|Population||35,578 (2001 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||PR25, PR26|
|EU Parliament||North West England|
Leyland is a town in the South Ribble district, in the county of Lancashire, England. It is approximately six miles (10 km) south of the city of Preston. The population of the town was estimated as 35,600 at the 2011 Census.
Throughout the 20th and 21st century, the community has seen a large growth in industry, population and farming, due to the establishment of Leyland Motors, housing developments and the surrounding usable arable land.
The name of the town is of old Anglo-Saxon origin, meaning "untilled land".
English Leyland was an area of fields, with Roman roads passing through, from ancient Wigan to Walton-le-Dale.
It was left undisturbed for many centuries until rediscovered shortly after the Battle of Hastings (1066). Leyland is mentioned in the Domesday Book (1085). In 1066 King Edward the Confessor presided over the whole of Leyland. The manor was divided into three large ploughlands, which were controlled by local noblemen. In the 12th century, it came under the barony of Penwortham.
The area of Worden, which is now Worden Park, was one of nine oxgangs of land granted to the Knights Hospitaller, by Roger de Lacy, in Lancashire, but the land was not assigned to any individual and a local man, who was a very close friend of de Lacy, Hugh Bussel, was assigned holder of the land in 1212.
Notable features that remain include the St Andrew's Parish Church, built around 1200 AD and the large stone Leyland Cross, thought to date back to Saxon times.
Leyland railway station is on the West Coast Main Line, the very placement of which moved the civic centre of the town briefly, including Leyland Police Station.
There is a marker adjacent to the old Leyland Motors Spurrier works declares the halfway point on the railway journey between Glasgow and London, some 198 miles in either direction.
John Fishwick & Son served the town's public transport needs. They also connected the town to Chorley and Preston. The company ceased trading on 24 October 2015 and Stagecoach Merseyside and South Lancashire have taken over their core route 111.
Most of the housing in Leyland falls under the semi-detached, detached and bungalow categories. There are a few modern housing estates, but about 65% of the accommodation in the town was built in the 1970s.
Leyland is made up by six different areas, the town centre itself counts as the main retail side, with the railway station, library and shops nearby. The other areas include Broadfield, Moss Side, Worden Park, Turpin Green and the Wade Hall estate.
Notable people who have grown up or lived in Leyland include:
- Fred Beardsworth, footballer
- William Bennett, 1920s footballer
- Clarke Carlisle, footballer, was educated at Balshaw's CE High School
- Trevor Hemmings, multi-millionaire philanthropist spent his teenage years in Leyland
- Allen Hill, played in the first ever cricket Test
- Phil Jones, footballer
- Frank Moss, football manager and former player, known for his six-year contract with Arsenal
- Danny Mayor, footballer
- Mike Salmon, retired goalkeeper, who currently works as a football manager
- Kevin Simm, Liberty X singer grew up in the area and attended St Anne's Primary School and St Mary's High School
- Mark Strange, martial arts expert and film producer
- Chris Tuson, rugby league player
- John Woodcock, executed by the Stuarts in 1645, for his Catholicism
- Isaac Hartley, Student, executed by the Stuarts in 1701, for his sexuality
- Iwan Stevens, Former architect, Known for taking direct inspiration from Auschwitz when designing Balshaws High School
Leyland, Lancashire Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.