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Tanunda
South Australia
Tanunda.jpg
Looking across the vineyards towards Tanunda from Mengler Hill Lookout
Population 4,153 (2006 census)
Established 1848
Postcode(s) 5352
Location 69 km (43 mi) North East of Adelaide via Australian National Route A20.svg Australian Alphanumeric State Route B19.svg
LGA(s) Barossa Council
State electorate(s) Schubert
Federal Division(s) Barker
Localities around Tanunda:
Nuriootpa
Gomersal Tanunda
Lyndoch Rowland Flat

Tanunda is a town situated in the Barossa Valley region of South Australia, 70 kilometres north-east of the state capital, Adelaide. The town derives its name from an Aboriginal word meaning water hole. The town's population is approximately 4000.

Settlement

The first settlement in the vicinity of what is today known as Tanunda was the village of Bethanien, settled in 1842. This village was settled by Prussian immigrants who arrived with Pastor Gotthard Fritzsche. In 1843, the village of Langmeil was established nearby by Prussian immigrants who relocated from Klemzig on the Torrens River where they had originally settled in 1838, after arriving with Pastor August Kavel. Tanunda village was settled sometime later.

The village of Langmeil was named after a village of the same name near Zullichau in Prussia, the area from which the German immigrants had originated. the original German village of Langmeil is now the Polish village of Okunin. Due to anti-German sentiments, both Langmeil and Bethanien in South Australia were renamed during the Great War to Bilyara, and Bethany respectively. Langmeil had its name reverted from Bilyara in 1975.

As development of the Tanunda area continued, the villages of Langmeil and Tanunda were joined. Today the township is simply called Tanunda.

Culture

The German heritage of Tanunda is still present today. The town has a male choir the Tanunda Liedertafel, the history of which is thought to date back to 1868. There is also a Kegel (bowling) club. The Tanunda Town Band celebrated 150 years as a band in 2007 and is the oldest brass band in the southern hemisphere

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