Barossa Valley facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsBarossa Valley
Autumn colour surrounding Tanunda
|Population||20,000 (2006; approx.)|
|• Density||20/km2 (52/sq mi) (approx.)|
|Area||912 km2 (352.1 sq mi)|
|Time zone||ACST (UTC+9.5)|
|• Summer (DST)||ACDT (UTC+10.5)|
|Location||60 km (37 mi) NE of Adelaide city centre|
The Barossa Valley (Barossa German: Barossa Tal) is a valley in South Australia located 60 kilometres (37 mi) northeast of Adelaide city centre. The valley is formed by the North Para River. It is notable as a major wine-producing region and tourist destination.
The Barossa Valley Way is the main road through the valley, connecting the main towns on the valley floor of Nuriootpa, Tanunda, Rowland Flat and Lyndoch. The Barossa Trail walking and cycling path is 40 kilometres (25 mi) long and also passes the main towns from near Gawler on the Adelaide Plains to Angaston to the east of the valley.
The Barossa Valley derives its name from the Barossa Ranges, which were named by Colonel William Light in 1837. Light chose the name in memory of the British victory over the French in the Battle of Barrosa, in which he fought in 1811. The name "Barossa" was registered in error, due to a clerical error in transcribing the name "Barrosa". The area is approximately 13 by 14 kilometres (8.1 by 8.7 mi).
The three major towns of the Barossa all have distinctive personalities. Tanunda is generally recognised as the most German of the three with long-standing traditions dating back to the 1840s when the first German settlers arrived in the area. Because many of them came from Prussian Silesia, they called the Barossa Neu-Schlesien, or "New Silesia". The German influence survives to this day (see Barossa German). Angaston, in contrast, is considered the English town as it was settled predominantly by Cornish miners and others from Britain. The third (and largest) town, Nuriootpa, was influenced by both the German and British settlers, and today is the commercial hub of the Barossa where most of the larger stores are located. Tanunda and Angaston are considered 'tourist towns' in comparison to Nuriootpa because they have many more facilities to cater for tourists.
In February 2011, South Australian Premier Mike Rann announced that special legislation would be introduced to protect the unique heritage of the Barossa Valley and McLaren Vale. Premier Rann said: "Barossa and McLaren Vale food and wine are key icons of South Australia. We must never allow the Barossa or McLaren Vale to become suburbs of Adelaide." The Character Preservation (Barossa Valley) Act 2012 was subsequently passed by the South Australian Parliament.
Currently, the Barossa Valley has a population of about 20,000, most of whom live in Tanunda, Nuriootpa, Angaston, Williamstown and Lyndoch, each having over 1000 people, with a few smaller towns such as Moculta and Springton. All of these towns are part of the Barossa local government. Many facilities not available in these towns are usually supplemented in nearby Gawler. In recent years, increased development in the area has seen opposition from the local communities.
The region has a strong German Lutheran history, and many residents identify themselves as Lutherans. Some towns have more than one Lutheran church. Tanunda, for example, has Langmeil, St. Paul's, Tabor and St. Johns. Nuriootpa has St. Petri and Holy Trinity. Angaston has Zion and Salem (Penrice).
Each major town also has a Lutheran primary school. Tanunda has Tanunda Lutheran School, Nuriootpa has Redeemer, and Angaston has Good Shepherd. St. Jakobi, the Lutheran primary school at Lyndoch, hosts the Barossa Airshow annually as its fundraiser.
Major Town Populations:
|Rank||Urban Centre||Population, 2006 census|
As a rural region, there is also significant population outside of the town centres (not shown here).
Although it is overshadowed by the wine industry, significant food production occurs in the Barossa Valley, including:
- Angas Park Fruit Company which produces dried fruit at Angaston.
- Bakeries like Apex Bakery in Tanunda, Linkes in Nuriootpa, Lyndoch Bakery in Lyndoch, and Sunrise in Angaston all of whom produce traditional German breads and pastries.
- Butchers who produce meats, mettwurst and other smallgoods in the German style, including Schultz Butchers at Angaston, Mount Pleasant Butchers at Mount Pleasant, Steiny's Traditional Mettwurst at Tanunda.
- Cheesemakers such as Barossa Valley Cheese Co. in Angaston, and Ballycroft Artisan Cheese in Greenock.
- Maggie Beer, a writer, a former restaurateur and co-presenter of ABC Television's programme The Cook and The Chef, who produces pâtés, fruit pastes, jams, jellies, glazes, preserves, olive oil, verjuice, vinegars, herbs and spices, soups and ice cream.
Barossa foods have a reputation for their quality and local production is increasing. Barossa food products are sold in local markets and shops, and served in local cafés and restaurants. Many are exported internationally, and to other parts of Australia for sale through retailers or for restaurant use. Among some popular foods that are sold at the Barossa market are fruit tarts, pies, gourmet sandwiches and freshly made deli items.
The Barossa Valley holds a popular weekly Farmers' Market, supplying local produce which is sold directly by the producer.
Barossa Vintage Festival
The week-long Barossa Vintage Festival is held biennially, in odd-numbered years. The festival runs for around a week in autumn, and traditionally marks and celebrates the completion of the year's vintage season, at the end of March and beginning of April. A variety of wine-themed events are held during the festival, including wine tastings and competitions, musical events, food events with local produce, balls and parades.
The Barossa Vintage Festival was first held in 1947, to celebrate the end of the grape harvest, and the end of hostilities in World War II, and has run continually since. It is Australia's oldest and longest-running wine festival.
Barossa... Be Consumed Gourmet Weekend
The Barossa... Be Consumed Gourmet weekend is a three-day food, wine and art celebration held in the third weekend of August every year. Local wineries and venues host individual events throughout the Barossa, offering food, wine, music, arts and hospitality.
Images for kids
In Spanish: Valle de Barossa para niños
Barossa Valley Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.