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Troy, Missouri
Downtown Troy Historic District, August 2012
Downtown Troy Historic District, August 2012
Lincoln County Missouri Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Troy Highlighted.svg
Coordinates: 38°58′46″N 90°58′51″W / 38.97944°N 90.98083°W / 38.97944; -90.98083Coordinates: 38°58′46″N 90°58′51″W / 38.97944°N 90.98083°W / 38.97944; -90.98083
Country United States
Missouri Missouri
County Lincoln
Area
 • Total 7.79 sq mi (20.18 km2)
 • Land 7.75 sq mi (20.07 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.12 km2)
Elevation
541 ft (165 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 10,540
 • Estimate 
(2019)
12,820
 • Density 1,654.62/sq mi (638.87/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
63379
Area code(s) 636
FIPS code 29-73942

Troy is a city in Lincoln County, Missouri, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 10,540. It is the county seat of Lincoln County.

Troy is part of the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Troy was platted in 1819. Some say the community was named after Troy, New York, while others believe the name is a transfer from Troy, Vermont. An early variant name was Woods Fort. A post office called Troy has been in operation since 1823.

The Downtown Troy Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2013.

Geography

Troy is located at 38°58′30″N 90°58′38″W / 38.97500°N 90.97722°W / 38.97500; -90.97722 (38.974922, -90.977132). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.34 square miles (19.01 km2), of which, 7.30 square miles (18.91 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 611
1870 703 15.1%
1880 703 0.0%
1890 971 38.1%
1900 1,153 18.7%
1910 1,120 −2.9%
1920 1,116 −0.4%
1930 1,419 27.2%
1940 1,493 5.2%
1950 1,738 16.4%
1960 1,779 2.4%
1970 2,538 42.7%
1980 2,624 3.4%
1990 3,811 45.2%
2000 6,737 76.8%
2010 10,540 56.4%
2019 (est.) 12,820 21.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 10,542 people, 3,843 households, and 2,727 families living in the city. The population density was 1,443.8 inhabitants per square mile (557.5/km2). There were 4,141 housing units at an average density of 567.3 per square mile (219.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.5% White, 3.1% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0% of the population.

There were 3,843 households, of which 43.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 29.0% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.16.

The median age in the city was 32.2 years. 30.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.4% were from 25 to 44; 19.6% were from 45 to 64; and 11.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.

Notable sites

Fort Cap au Gris, a War of 1812 fortification, was built near Troy in 1814. Lincoln County Medical Center was established in Troy in 1953 under the federal Hill-Burton Memorial Hospitals Act, as Lincoln County Memorial Hospital. Cuivre River State Park, one of the largest of Missouri's state parks, lies about three miles to the northeast of Troy across the Cuivre River valley.

Education

Troy is home to Troy Buchanan High School, Troy Middle School, Troy South Middle School, Main Street Elementary, Boone Elementary School, Claude Brown Elementary, Cuivre Park Elementary, Lincoln County R-III Early Childhood Education Center, William Cappel Elementary School, and Lincoln Elementary School, all of which are part of the Lincoln County R-III School District.

Troy does not have a public library, the Powell Memorial Library, is owned and operated by the Troy R-III School District..

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