Valley Ford, California facts for kids
Valley Ford in 2008
|• Total||2.642 sq mi (6.842 km2)|
|• Land||2.642 sq mi (6.842 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||52 ft (16 m)|
|• Density||55.64/sq mi (21.48/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||236972|
Valley Ford is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in western Sonoma County, California, United States. It is located on State Route 1 in an area of rolling hills about 75 minutes north of San Francisco by automobile. Like all of Sonoma County, Valley Ford is included in both the San Francisco Bay Area and the Redwood Empire.
The village lies just north of the Estero Americano, about 5 mi (8 km) from the Pacific Ocean. It is 7 mi (11 km) north of Dillon Beach, 9 mi (14 km) east of the town of Bodega Bay and 20 mi (32 km) southeast of Jenner. The Estero Americano is protected by the Estero Americano State Marine Recreational Management Area. Like an underwater park, this marine protected area helps conserve ocean wildlife and marine ecosystems.
Prior to its settlement by Europeans, the indigenous Coast Miwok and Pomo people hunted, fished, and gathered in the area. A Miwok village named Ewapalt has been documented in the Valley Ford area.
Europeans explored the coastline in the early 17th century but did not settle until 1812, when Russian fur traders came south from Alaska and built Fort Ross about 22 mi (40 km) northwest of Valley Ford. The Russians remained until 1841, when the area came under Mexican rule. In 1850, the year California became a U.S. state, the area was made part of Sonoma County.
Valley Ford had a grain mill in the mid-19th century. Starting in the 1870s, Valley Ford was a stop on the North Pacific Coast Railroad connecting Cazadero to the Sausalito ferry, enabling local ranchers and fishers to export produce to San Francisco.
In 1976, Christo and Jeanne-Claude's installation art piece Running Fence passed through Valley Ford on its way from Cotati to Bodega Bay.
Open from 1856 to 1967, Watson School once served as Valley Ford's school, and is located in a Sonoma County Regional Parks Department historic park about 3.5 miles north of Valley Ford.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 2.6 square miles (6.8 km²), all of it land.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Valley Ford had a population of 147. The population density was 55.6 people per square mile (21.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 71.4% White, 0.7% African American, 22.4% from other races, and 5.4% from two or more races. 35.4% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.
The Census reported that 100% of the population lived in households.
There were 57 households, out of which 18 (31.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 26 (45.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 8 (14.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1 (1.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 6 (10.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 3 (5.3%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 13 households (22.8%) were made up of individuals and 5 (8.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58. There were 35 families (61.4% of all households); the average family size was 3.20.
The population was spread out with 35 people (23.8%) under the age of 18, 12 people (8.2%) aged 18 to 24, 42 people (28.6%) aged 25 to 44, 35 people (23.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 23 people (15.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.5 years. For every 100 females there were 116.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.4 males.
There were 67 housing units at an average density of 25.4 per square mile (9.8/km²), of which 47.4% were owner-occupied and 52.6% were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.1%. 39.5% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units and 60.5% lived in rental housing units.
Valley Ford, California Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.