Rojava facts for kids

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(Redirected from Western Kurdistan)
Rojava
Flag of North and East Syria
Flag
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Emblem
Areas under the region's administration
Areas under the region's administration
Status De facto autonomous region of Syria
Capital Ayn Issa
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Largest city Raqqa
Official languages

See languages

  • Kurdish
  • Arabic
  • Syriac-Aramaic
Government Libertarian socialist federated semi-direct democracy
• Co-Presidents

Îlham Ehmed


Mansur Selum
• Co-Chairs
Amina Omar
Riad Darar
Legislature Syrian Democratic Council
Autonomous region
• Transitional administration declared
2013
• Cantons declare autonomy
January 2014
• Cantons declare federation
17 March 2016
• New administration declared
6 September 2018
Area
• Total
50,000 km2 (19,000 sq mi)
Population
• 2018 estimate
≈2,000,000
Currency Syrian pound (SYP)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
Driving side right

The Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria (NES), sometimes referred to by the name Rojava, is a de facto autonomous region in northeastern Syria. It consists of self-governing sub-regions in the areas of Afrin, Jazira, Euphrates, Raqqa, Tabqa, Manbij and Deir Ez-Zor. The region gained its de facto autonomy in 2012 in the context of the ongoing Rojava conflict and the wider Syrian Civil War, in which its official military force, the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), has taken part.

While entertaining some foreign relations, the region is not officially recognized as autonomous by the government of Syria or any international state or organization. Northeastern Syria is polyethnic and home to sizeable ethnic Kurdish, Arab and Assyrian populations, with smaller communities of ethnic Turkmen, Armenians and Circassians.

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