kids encyclopedia robot

Western Sahara facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Western Sahara

الصحراء الغربية
Sahara Occidental
Location of Western Sahara
and largest city
El Aaiún (Laâyoune)
Official languages see respective claimants
Spoken languages Berber and Hassaniya Arabic are locally spoken.

Spanish and French are widely used.
Demonym(s) Western Saharan
Disputed sovereignty1
• Relinquished by Spain
14 November 1975
• Total
266,000 km2 (103,000 sq mi) (76th)
• Water (%)
• 2009 estimate
513,000 (168th)
• Density
1.9/km2 (4.9/sq mi) (237th)
Currency Moroccan Dirham (in the Morocco-controlled zone) Algerian Dinar with the Sahrawi Peseta being commemorative and not circulating (in the SADR-controlled zone) (MAD)
Time zone UTC+0
Calling code +212 (Tied with Morocco)
ISO 3166 code EH
Internet TLD None. .eh reserved, not officially assigned.
1 Mostly under administration of Morocco as its Southern Provinces. The Polisario Front controls border areas behind the border wall as the Free Zone, on behalf of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.

Western Sahara (Arabic: الصحراء الغربية; Amazigh: Tanẓṛuft Tutrimt; Spanish: [Sahara Occidental] Error: {{Lang}}: text has italic markup (help)) is a territory in Africa. To the north is Morocco, to the east is Algeria, to the south is Mauritania, and to the west is the Atlantic Ocean. Its surface is 266,000 square kilometres (103,000 sq mi). It is one of the most sparsely populated territories in the world. Most of the territory is made of desert flatlands. The largest city is Laâyoune. More than half the population live there. The territory has a population estimated at just more than 500,000.

Western Sahara has been on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories since the 1960s when it was a Spanish colony. The Kingdom of Morocco and the Polisario Front independence movement, with its Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) government, both want control of the territory.

Since 1975, most of the territory has been controlled by Morocco. In 1973, the local people, the Sahrawis, said the Moroccans and Mauritanians were occupying their land and started a movement. The movement turned violent, and the United Nations brokered a ceasefire in 1991. Many Sahrawis became refugees in Algeria. The rest of Western Sahara is controlled by the Polisario/SADR, backed by Algeria. Many important countries have pressed both parties to agree to a peaceful solution. Both Morocco and Polisario have tried to get recognition from other countries. Polisario has won formal recognition for SADR from 81 states, and was extended membership in the African Union, while Morocco has won recognition for its position from the Arab League. In both instances, recognitions have over the past two decades been extended and withdrawn according to changing international trends.

Some countries say that the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic should be the government in Western Sahara. Morocco says that they own it. The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic was made by the "Polisario Front" a group of people who wanted Spain to leave, but now want Morocco to leave also.

The United Nations calls all of the Western Sahara a dependency of Spain.

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Sahara Occidental para niños

Black History Month on Kiddle
Renowned African-American Artists:
Kyle Baker
Joseph Yoakum
Laura Wheeler Waring
Henry Ossawa Tanner
kids search engine
Western Sahara Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.