East Fishkill, New York
Bykenhulle House Historic Site
Location of East Fishkill, New York
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||John L. Hickman, Jr. (R)|
|• Deputy Supervisor||Peter Cassidy (R)|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||57.4 sq mi (148.6 km2)|
|• Land||56.5 sq mi (146.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.9 sq mi (2.3 km2)|
|Elevation||289 ft (88 m)|
|• Density||514/sq mi (198.4/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0978917|
East Fishkill is a town on the southern border of Dutchess County, New York, United States. The population was 29,029 at the 2010 census. The town was once the eastern portion of the town of Fishkill.
Hudson Valley Research Park (formerly known as IBM East Fishkill) is located in the town, and housed 27 divisions and 4,700 regular employees for IBM Microelectronics, that GlobalFoundries bought. While IBM produced microchips they owned the advanced, automated processor fabrication facility where IBM's "Cell" processor was co-developed.
One early settler arrived around 1759. The town of East Fishkill was established in 1849 from the eastern part of the town of Fishkill. The name "Fishkill" comes from that of the river which the Dutch settlers in the area called "Vis Kill" which means "fish creek".
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 57.4 square miles (148.6 km2), of which 56.5 square miles (146.3 km2) is land and 0.89 square miles (2.3 km2), or 1.54%, is water.
The south town line is the border of Putnam County.
Interstate 84 and the Appalachian Trail pass across the town. The Taconic State Parkway runs north-south as well.
As of the census of 2000, there were 25,589 people, 8,233 households, and 7,006 families residing in the town. The population density was 449.7 people per square mile (173.6/km²). There were 8,495 housing units at an average density of 149.3 per square mile (57.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 92.54% White, 2.29% African American, 0.15% Native American, 2.80% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.86% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.04% of the population.
There were 8,233 households out of which 45.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.7% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.9% were non-families. 11.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.10 and the average family size was 3.38.
In the town, the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males.
The mean income for a household in the town was $116,059, and the mean income for a family was $129,660. Males had a median income of $59,735 versus $35,014 for females. The per capita income for the town was $28,553. About 1.5% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in East Fishkill
- Arthursburg – A hamlet by the north town line, named for Chester A. Arthur, twenty-first president of the United States.
- East Fishkill – A hamlet.
- Fishkill Plains – A hamlet in the northwest part of the town.
- Gayhead – A location south of East Fishkill hamlet.
- Green Haven Correctional Facility – A maximum security prison that is located in the town of Beekman
- Hillside Lake – A location northeast of Fishkill Plains.
- Hopewell Junction – A hamlet in the northwest part of the town.
- Hortontown – A hamlet in the eastern part.
- Leetown An area on top of Stormville Mtn, named after early settlers.
- Johnsontown – A hamlet near the west border.
- Lomala – A hamlet south of Hopewell Junction.
- Pecksville – A hamlet in the southeast corner of the town.
- Shenandoah – A hamlet in the south part of the town.
- Stormville – A hamlet in the eastern part of the town named after early settlers, brothers Jacob and Rupert Storm.
- Wiccopee – A hamlet near the west town line.
East Fishkill, New York Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.