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Winnsboro, Louisiana facts for kids

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City of Winnsboro
A glimpse of the downtown historic district of Winnsboro
A glimpse of the downtown historic district of Winnsboro
The Stars and Stripes Capital of Louisiana
Location in Franklin Parish and the state of Louisiana.
Location in Franklin Parish and the state of Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Country  United States
States  Louisiana
Parish Franklin
 • Total 4,910
 • Estimate 
Demonym(s) Winnsboroian
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code 318
U.S. Highway US 425.svg
Louisiana Louisiana 17.svg
Website City of Winnsboro

Winnsboro is a small city and the parish seat of Franklin Parish, Louisiana, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,910, down from 5,344 at the 2000 census. The city is 59 percent African American. U.S. Highway 425 passes north–south through Winnsboro concurrent with Louisiana Highway 15 and extends northward to Rayville, the seat of neighboring Richland Parish.


Franklin Parish was created on March 1, 1843, from portions of Ouachita, Catahoula, and Madison parishes through the efforts of Senator John Winn. The parish was named in honor of Benjamin Franklin.

The village of Winnsboro was incorporated in 1902, and Captain William Phillip Powell was appointed to serve as the first mayor.

Early Winnsboro City records show that the telephone came to Winnsboro in 1905; electricity in 1914; and water and sewer service in 1923. In 1924, a volunteer fire department was formed.


Winnsboro is located west of the center of Franklin Parish at 32°9′48″N 91°43′24″W / 32.16333°N 91.72333°W / 32.16333; -91.72333 (32.163412, -91.723293). Rayville is 23 miles (37 km) to the north via US 425, while Natchez, Mississippi, is 54 miles (87 km) to the south.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.14 square miles (10.73 km2), of which 4.08 square miles (10.57 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2), or 1.49%, is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 821
1920 1,176 43.2%
1930 1,965 67.1%
1940 2,834 44.2%
1950 3,655 29.0%
1960 4,437 21.4%
1970 5,349 20.6%
1980 5,921 10.7%
1990 5,755 −2.8%
2000 5,344 −7.1%
2010 4,910 −8.1%
Est. 2015 4,762 −3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,910 people residing in the city. 66.6% were African American, 31.3% White, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% from some other race and 1.3% of two or more races. 1.2% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,344 people, 1,977 households, and 1,310 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,314.7 people per square mile (508.2/km²). There were 2,144 housing units at an average density of 527.4 per square mile (203.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 39.97% White, 58.53% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.60% of the population.

There were 1,977 households out of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.9% were married couples living together, 27.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the city, the population was spread out with 31.4% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 76.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 67.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $17,590, and the median income for a family was $21,543. Males had a median income of $24,608 versus $15,663 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,229. About 36.7% of families and 40.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 58.3% of those under age 18 and 33.3% of those age 65 or over.


Princess Theatre

The Princess Theatre was established in 1925 by George Elam. Two years later, Elam moved his theatre into a building on Prairie Street, where it stands today. Leasing the building from Rowena Ramage, Elam worked to improve the building which was built in 1907. Silent movies were shown on a screen while live piano music brought the films to life. A few years later Elam bought records to play along with the movies. When sound was added to films in 1930 Elam installed a sound system in the theatre.

Princess Theater in Winnsboro, LA IMG 1277
The Princess Theatre in downtown Winnsboro

In the early 1940s, Elam added onto the building, making it longer. In 1960, Elam sold the theatre to Jack Pope. Pope continued leasing the building from Ramage while keeping the Princess operating just as Elam had done. Competition from a multiple-screen movie theater led to the closing of the Princess Theatre in 1985.

In 1992, Rowena Ramage gave the Princess Theatre building to the city of Winnsboro. A Board of Directors was appointed to take care of the building. In 1993, the board announced renovation plans to begin immediately on the Princess Theatre.

The Governor's Arts Award program in May 2002 carried the following statement.

The Princess Theatre is an inspiring example of what can happen when a community believes in itself and the value of the arts to quality of life. The theatre has contributed substantially to the life and economy of Winnsboro and Franklin Parish. The restoration of the turn-of-the-century Princess Theatre to a live performance venue was the catalyst for the development of historic downtown Winnsboro. Further, the theatre's programs include a full series offering international, national, and local performances as well as a coffee house series that is free to the community. The Princess functions as both a performing arts venue and a forum for educational programming; it has transformed cultural opportunities in Northeast Louisiana and continues to be a model for success throughout the region.

Franklin Parish Catfish Festival

This annual "Spring Party" started as a Chamber of Commerce initiative twenty years ago and now draws some twenty thousand to Winnsboro each year. The festival offers an opportunity for local groups and organizations to raise funds for their various endeavors, as well as showcase their products to the crowds that attend. The festival is held the second Saturday in April unless Easter falls on that particular week-end and then it would be scheduled on the first Saturday. This is the largest one-day festival in Louisiana.

National Guard

921st Engineer Company (Horizontal), part of the 528th Engineer Battalion which belongs to the 225th Engineer Brigade, is located in Winnsboro.


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