Woolwich Township, New Jersey facts for kids

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Woolwich Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Woolwich
Moravian Church
Moravian Church
Woolwich Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Woolwich Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Woolwich Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Woolwich Township, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Flag of Gloucester County, New Jersey.png Gloucester
Royal charter March 7, 1767
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Named for Woolwich, England
Area
 • Total 21.227 sq mi (54.978 km2)
 • Land 20.909 sq mi (54.154 km2)
 • Water 0.318 sq mi (0.824 km2)  1.50%
Area rank 132nd of 566 in state
5th of 24 in county
Elevation 66 ft (20 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 10,200
 • Estimate (2015) 12,295
 • Rank 241st of 566 in state
9th of 24 in county
 • Density 487.8/sq mi (188.3/km2)
 • Density rank 444th of 566 in state
20th of 24 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08085 - Swedesboro
Area code(s) 856 Exchanges: 241, 467
FIPS code 3401582840
GNIS feature ID 0882144
Website www.woolwichtwp.org

Woolwich Township is a township in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 10,200, reflecting an increase of 7,168 (+236.4%) from the 3,032 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,573 (+107.8%) from the 1,459 counted in the 1990 Census.

Woolwich was formed by Royal charter on March 7, 1767, from portions of Greenwich Township, and was incorporated as one of New Jersey's initial 104 townships by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. Portions of the township were taken to form Franklin Township (January 27, 1820), Spicer Township (March 13, 1844, now known as Harrison Township), West Woolwich Township (March 7, 1877, now known as Logan Township) and Swedesboro (April 9, 1902). The township was named for Woolwich, England.

Along Route 322 at New Jersey Turnpike exit 2, plans call for almost 1.5 million square feet of retail and commercial space and 1.5 million square feet of office and flex park. Partnering with the state Office of Smart Growth, a major component of any development along Route 322 will include the use of transfer of development rights (TDR).

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 21.227 square miles (54.978 km2), including 20.909 square miles (54.154 km2) of land and 0.318 square miles (0.824 km2) of water (1.50%).

Swedesboro is an independent municipality entirely surrounded by the township, making it part one of 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" in the state, where one municipality entirely surrounds another.

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Asbury, Dilkes Mills, Lippencott, Porches Mill, Robbins, Rulons and Scull.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 2,768
1810 3,063 10.7%
1820 3,113 1.6%
1830 3,033 * −2.6%
1840 3,676 21.2%
1850 3,265 * −11.2%
1860 3,478 6.5%
1870 3,760 8.1%
1880 1,974 * −47.5%
1890 2,035 3.1%
1900 2,291 12.6%
1910 1,136 * −50.4%
1920 973 −14.3%
1930 1,196 22.9%
1940 1,193 −0.3%
1950 1,343 12.6%
1960 1,235 −8.0%
1970 1,147 −7.1%
1980 1,129 −1.6%
1990 1,459 29.2%
2000 3,032 107.8%
2010 10,200 236.4%
Est. 2015 12,295 20.5%
Population sources:
1800-2000 1800-1920 1840
1850-1870 1850 1870
1880-1890 1890-1910
1910-1930 1930-1990
2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 10,200 people, 3,141 households, and 2,730 families residing in the township. The population density was 487.8 per square mile (188.3/km2). There were 3,275 housing units at an average density of 156.6 per square mile (60.5/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 81.14% (8,276) White, 9.97% (1,017) Black or African American, 0.13% (13) Native American, 6.02% (614) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.78% (80) from other races, and 1.96% (200) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.58% (365) of the population.

There were 3,141 households out of which 54.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 78.0% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.1% were non-families. 9.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.21 and the average family size was 3.46.

In the township, the population was spread out with 33.5% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.7 years. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 95.6 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $109,360 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,043) and the median family income was $117,708 (+/- $6,397). Males had a median income of $82,370 (+/- $5,125) versus $52,083 (+/- $6,470) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $36,898 (+/- $2,081). About 3.6% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 3,032 people, 959 households, and 838 families residing in the township. The population density was 144.8 people per square mile (55.9/km2). There were 1,026 housing units at an average density of 49.0 per square mile (18.9/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 91.13% White, 4.55% African American, 1.12% Asian, 1.95% from other races, and 1.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.89% of the population.

There were 959 households out of which 49.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 77.4% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 12.6% were non-families. 8.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.13 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the township the population was spread out with 31.4% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 38.0% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 98.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.6 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $83,790, and the median income for a family was $87,111. Males had a median income of $54,200 versus $38,571 for females. The per capita income for the township was $29,503. About 1.9% of families and 2.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 19.6% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 93.31 miles (150.17 km) of roadways, of which 51.93 miles (83.57 km) were maintained by the municipality, 32.05 miles (51.58 km) by Gloucester County and 3.62 miles (5.83 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 5.71 miles (9.19 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

U.S. Route 322 passes through the center of the municipality while the New Jersey Turnpike passes through the southeastern part of the township (for almost 5¾ miles) and connects to Route 322 at Interchange 2.

Major county roads that pass through include CR 538 and CR 551.

Interstate 295 is accessible outside the municipality in neighboring Logan, Oldmans and Greenwich Townships.

Public transportation

NJ Transit bus service between Salem and Philadelphia is available on the 401 route.

Community

In its April 2006 issue listing the Top Places to Live in New Jersey, New Jersey Monthly magazine rated Woolwich as the worst place to live in all of New Jersey, placing 566th out of 566 municipalities. As of February 2008, the municipality is ranked as 547 out of 566 municipalities. Meanwhile, its population has grown a staggering 185% from 2000-2006.

The community was labeled the "Number 1 Area Boomtown" in 2005.

Historic sites

The Gov. Charles C. Stratton House was built in 1791 and added to the National Register of Historic Places on January 29, 1973. The house was the home of New Jersey Governor Charles C. Stratton.

Moravian Church is a historic church building built in 1786 and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973.

Mount Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church and Mount Zion Cemetery is a historic church built in 1834 and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2001. It played an important role in the Underground Railroad in South Jersey.


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