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South Holland

Zuid-Holland
Flag of South Holland
Flag
Coat of arms of South Holland
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
"Vigilate Deo confidentes" (Latin)
"Watch, trusting in God"
Anthem: "Lied van Zuid-Holland" (Dutch)
"Song of South Holland"
Location of South Holland in the Netherlands
Location of South Holland in the Netherlands
Country  Netherlands
Established 1840 (split-up of Holland)
Capital The Hague
Largest city Rotterdam
Government
 • King's Commissioner Jaap Smit (CDA)
Area
 (2017)
 • Total 3,419 km2 (1,320 sq mi)
 • Land 2,814 km2 (1,086 sq mi)
 • Water 605 km2 (234 sq mi)
Area rank 6th
Population
 (1 November 2019)
 • Total 3,705,625
 • Rank 1st
 • Density 1,317/km2 (3,410/sq mi)
 • Density rank 1st
ISO 3166 code NL-ZH
GDP (nominal) 2016
 - Total €151 billion/ USD 160 billion
 - Per capita €41,000/ USD 44,000
HDI (2017) 0.932
very high · 3rd
Website www.zuid-holland.nl

South Holland is a province in the west of the Netherlands. It is called Zuid-Holland in Dutch. It is surrounded by the North Sea and the provinces North Holland, Utrecht, Guelders, North Brabant, and Zeeland.

3.45 million people live there. The biggest cities are Rotterdam and The Hague. The Hague is the capital of the province. The Hague is also the administrative capital of the Netherlands. That means that the parliament is there.

Rotterdam has the largest port of Europe. Leiden, Gouda, and Delft have town centers with many old buildings. Zoetermeer is a quite new city. Most of it was built in the 1970s. Another important city is Dordrecht.

In South Holland there are some typical Dutch landscapes. Near Leiden there is a region that is known as the Bollenstreek ("bulb district"). In springtime many large fields with flowers can be found here. These fields are called bulb fields. Near Rotterdam there is a small village called Kinderdijk with 19 windmills near each other.

The area south of The Hague is called Westland. Here are many greenhouses.

The south of the province has many islands. The largest of them are Voorne-Putten, Goeree-Overflakkee, IJsselmonde, the Hoeksche Waard and the island of Dordrecht. These big islands are connected by bridges and/or tunnels.

The most important rivers and other bodies of waters are Nieuwe Maas, Nieuwe Waterweg, Oude Maas, Haringvliet, and Hollands Diep.

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