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Ōita Prefecture facts for kids

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Ōita Prefecture
Japanese: 大分県
Map of Japan with Ōita highlighted
Capital Ōita
Region Kyūshū
Island Kyūshū
Governor Katsusada Hirose
Area (rank) 6,338.82 km² (24th)
 - % water 0.7%
Population  (Oct 1, 2005)
 - Population 1,209,587 (34th)
 - Density 191 /km²
Districts 3
Municipalities 18
ISO 3166-2 JP-44
Prefectural Symbols
 - Flower Bungo-ume blossom (Prunus mume var. bungo)
 - Tree Bungo-ume tree (Prunus mume var. bungo)
 - Bird Japanese white-eye (Zosterops japonica)
 - Fish
Symbol of Ōita Prefecture
Symbol of Ōita Prefecture
Flag of Oita Prefecture

Ōita Prefecture (大分県, Ōita-ken) is a prefecture in the Kyūshū region of Japan on the island of Kyūshū. The capital city is Ōita. Ōita is well known in Japan for its many hot springs.


In the 6th century, one of the regions of Kyushu was divided into Bungo Province and Buzen Province.

After the Meiji Restoration, districts from Bungo and Buzen provinces were combined to form Ōita Prefecture.


  • 1184 (Juei 3): Usa Shrine was destroyed by fire in Gempei War.
  • November 19, 1274 (Bun'ei 11, 20th day of the 10th month): Battle of Bun'ei
  • August 15, 1281 (Kōan 4, 30th day of the 7th month): Battle of Kōan
  • 2002 (Heisei 15): FIFA World Cup in Ōita


Ōita Prefecture is on the north-eastern section of the island of Kyūshū.

Ōita is faces the Suo Channel and Honshū Island to the north. The prefecture looks towards the Iyo Channel and Shikoku Island to the east. It is bordered by Miyazaki Prefecture to the south. Fukuoka Prefecture and Kumamoto Prefecture are to the west.


  • Beppu
  • Bungo-ōno
  • Bungotakada
  • Hita
  • Kitsuki
  • Kunisaki
  • Nakatsu
  • Ōita (capital)
  • Saiki
  • Taketa
  • Tsukumi
  • Usa
  • Usuki
  • Yufu

Towns and villages

  • Hayami District:
    • Hiji
  • Higashikunisaki District:
    • Himeshima
  • Kusu District:
    • Kokonoe
    • Kusu

National Parks

National Parks are established in about 28% of the total land area of the prefecture.

Shrines and Temples

Sasamuta-jinja, Usa-jinjū and Yusuhara Hachiman-gū are the chief Shinto shrines (ichinomiya) in the prefecture.

Fukiji Temple has the oldest wooden structure in Kyushu.

The Usuki Buddhas include 60+ cliff carvings from Heian period.

Related pages

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Prefectura de Ōita para niños

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