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Buzen Province facts for kids

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Provinces of Japan-Buzen
Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Buzen Province highlighted

Buzen Province (豊前国, Buzen no kuni) was an old province of Japan in the area of Fukuoka Prefecture and Ōita Prefecture on the island of Kyūshū. Along with Bungo Province, it was sometimes called Hōshū (豊州).

Buzen had borders with Bungo and Chikuzen Provinces.

The ancient capital city of the province was near Toyotsu, Fukuoka.


Hiroshige Buzen Rakanji
View of Buzen Province, woodblock print by Hiroshige, 1854

In the Meiji period, the provinces of Japan were converted into prefectures. Maps of Japan and Buzen Province were reformed in the 1870s.

Shrines and Temples

Usa-jinjū was the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) of Buzen.

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