Shikoku facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Japan shikoku map small
Map of Japan with the island of Shikoku highlighted in brown

Shikoku (四国) is one of Japan's four main islands. It is the smallest island.

The island lies southeast of Honshu and northwest of Kyūshū across the Kanmon Strait.

Farming is a very important business in Shikoku. Citrus fruits are an important product. Shikoku is the home of the 88 Temple Pilgrimage of the Shingon sect of Buddhism.

Regions

Shikoku region covers the entire island.

The name Shikoku literally means "four countries" in Japanese. Shikoku was made of four old "countries" or provinces that are now prefectures. In other words, each prefecture has a modern name and an old provincial name. The old names are still used sometimes, especially for foods, music, or art.

Cities

  • Kōchi – home of "Yosakoi" and many local sights
  • Matsuyama, Ehime – is best known for the old hot springs at Dogo Onsen
  • Takamatsu, Kagawa – the largest city in Shikoku
  • Tokushima – home of the Awa Odori festival in August
  • Uwajima – has a fertility shrine and wrestling bulls
  • Naruto – the east gate of Shikoku.

Points of interest

  • Cape Ashizuri – a scenic cape at the southernmost point of Shikoku
  • Iya Valley – a remote but beautiful mountain valley
  • Kotohira – the site of the Kompira-san shrine
  • Mount Ishizuchi – the tallest peak in Shikoku

Castles

There are twelve original castles left in Japan and Shikoku is home to four of them.

  • Marugame Castle, Marugame
  • Kōchi Castle, Kochi
  • Matsuyama Castle
  • Uwajima Castle, Uwajima.

Temples and Shrines

The 88 Temple Pilgrimage is a famous but difficult 1,647-kilometer circle around the entire island. Serious pilgrims may choose to complete the 88 Temple Circuit on foot. Other people uses buses.

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Shikoku Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.