Chūgoku region facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Japan Chugoku Region large
Map of Japan with Chūgoku region highlighted in dark green

The Chūgoku region (中国地方 Chūgoku-chihō), also known as the San'in-San'yō region (山陰山陽地方 San'in san'yō-chihō), is one of Japan's traditional regions. The Japanese conventions of geography and history divide the nation into eight regions, including the Chūgoku region. These have been used since 1905 as basic units for description and comparison and as cultural markers.

The regions of Japan are a fusion of historical divisions and modern administrative needs". The significance of the region in Japan is geographical, cultural and administrative.

History

In the late 7th century, the San'indō and San'yōdō were identified as two of the eight largest administrative areas of the Imperial system (ritsuryo seido).

Gokishichidō is an ancient system of names for parts of the country, including San'indō and San'yōdō. Chūgoku covers a western part of the island of Honshū in roughly the same area as the traditional San'indō and San'yōdō.

In the Meiji period, the modern regional system was made by Imperial decree. Japan was divided into regions (chihō), including the Chūgoku region. A regional council (chihō gyōsei kyōgisai) was headed by the governor of the most powerful prefecture in the regional grouping. The council also included regional chiefs of central government ministries.

Table: Chūgoku

Province Province capital Gokishichido.svg
Pre-modern regions
Prefecture Prefecture capital Regions and Prefectures of Japan 2.png
Regions today
Notes
Aki San'yōdō Hiroshima Hiroshima Chūgoku
Bingo Fuchu San'yōdō Hiroshima Hiroshima Chūgoku created from Kibi in late-7th century
Bitchū Soja San'yōdō Okayama Okayama Chūgoku created from Kibi in late-7th century
Bizen near Okayama San'yōdō Okayama Okayama Chūgoku created from Kibi in late-7th century
Harima Himeji San'yōdō Hyōgo Kobe Chūgoku
Hōki near Kurayoshi San'indō Tottori Tottori Chūgoku
Inaba Tottori San'indō Tottori Tottori Chūgoku
Iwami Hamada San'indō Shimane Shimane Chūgoku
Izumo Matsue San'indō Shimane Matsue Chūgoku
Mimasaka, Tsuyama San'yōdō Okayama Okayama Chūgoku created in 713 from Bizen
Nagato Shimonoseki San'yōdō Yamaguchi Yamaguchi Chūgoku
Oki Saigō San'indō Shimane Shimane Chūgoku
Suō Hofu San'yōdō Yamaguchi Yamaguchi Chūgoku
Tajima Hidaka San'indō Hyōgo Kobe Chūgoku
Tamba, Kameoka San'indō Hyōgo; Kyoto Kobe Chūgoku created from Ni in 713
Tango, Maizuru; Miyazu San'indō Kyoto Kyoto Chūgoku created from Ni in 713

Over time, Chūgoku has developed its own regional dialects, customs and unique traditional culture.

Related pages

Gokishichido
Traditional regions in the context of modern prefectures.
Kinai Tōkaidō Tōsandō Hokurikudō
San'indō San'yōdō Nankaidō Saikaidō

Coordinates: 35°03′N 134°04′E / 35.05°N 134.067°E / 35.05; 134.067


Chūgoku region Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.