|Neighborhood of Miami|
Westward view of Allapattah and North 36th Street (US 27) with historic Miami Jackson Senior High School visible right-center
|Nickname(s): A. P., Little Santo Domingo|
Allapattah neighborhood within the City of Miami
|Annexed into the City of Miami||1925|
|Elevation||10 ft (3 m)|
|• Density||11,399/sq mi (4,401/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-05)|
|ZIP Code||33125, 33127, 33142|
|Area code(s)||305, 786|
Allapattah is a neighborhood mostly in the city of Miami, Florida, and partly in metropolitan Miami, United States. As of May 2011[update], the county-owned portion of Allapattah, from State Road 9 to LeJeune Road, is being annexed by the city proper.
The neighborhood was nicknamed Little Santo Domingo in 2003 an effort spurred by former Miami mayor and longtime city commissioner Wilfredo "Willy" Gort to honor the sizable Dominican American population in the community.
The name is derived from the Seminole Indian language word meaning alligator. The initial settlement of the Allapattah community began in 1856 when William P. Wagner, the earliest documented white American permanent settler, arrived from Charleston, South Carolina and established a homestead on a hammock along the Miami Rock Ridge, where Miami Jackson High School presently stands. Development ensued from 1896 and into the 20th century in the area with the completion of the Florida East Coast Railroad (FEC).
Allapattah was predominantly populated by whites from early in the 20th century until the late 1950s, when there was a large influx of black Americans displaced by the construction of I-95 (then, the North-South Expressway) in the 1950s and 1960s, leading to white flight to suburban Miami-Dade County and Broward County. Cubans migrated to Miami neighborhoods like Allapattah in large numbers following the Cuban Revolution of 1959, hosting one of Miami's largest Cuban American populations. The 1980s brought influxes of Dominican Americans, Nicaraguans, Hondurans, and Haitians in the aftermath of various refugee crises in those nations. Now, a melting pot of residents from all across the Caribbean, Central America, and Latin America reside in the area.
Allapattah is northwest of downtown, and about five miles (8 km) east of Miami International Airport. It is located at , with an elevation of 10 feet (3.0 m).
Many of the businesses and educational institutions in the neighborhood are generally located on Northwest 36th Street (US 27). The boundaries are roughly the Airport Expressway (SR 112) to the north, the Miami River and the Dolphin Expressway (SR 836) to the south, I-95 to the east, and Northwest 27th Avenue (SR 9) to the west.
As of 2000, Allapattah had a population between 40,406 and 43,860 residents, with 12,508 households, and 8,224 families residing in the neighborhood. The median household income was $19,141.53. The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 72.23% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 18.33% Black or African American, 6.89% White (non-Hispanic), and 2.55% Other races (non-Hispanic).
The zip codes for Allapattah include 33136, 33125, 33127, and 33142. The area covers 4.653 square miles (12.05 km2). As of 2000, there were 23,967 males and 19,894 females. The median age for males was 33.9 years old, while the median age for females was 36.0 years old. The average household size had 2.8 people, while the average family size had 3.4 members. The percentage of married-couple families (among all households) was 36.4%, while the percentage of married-couple families with children (among all households) was 16.6%, and the percentage of single-mother households (among all households) was 14.5%. 8.0% of the population were in correctional institutions, 1.0% of the population were in nursing homes, and 1.2% of the population were in other group homes. The percentage of never-married males 15 years old and over was 24.5%, while the percentage of never-married females 15 years old and over was 12.4%.
As of 2000, the percentage of people that speak English not well or not at all made up 33.0% of the population. The percentage of residents born in Florida was 30.5%, the percentage of people born in another U.S. state was 9.2%, and the percentage of native residents but born outside the U.S. was 4.3%, while the percentage of foreign born residents was 56.1%.
Allapattah is served by Metrobus throughout the area, and by the Miami Metrorail at:
- Santa Clara (NW 20th Street and NW 12th Avenue)
- Allapattah (US 27 and NW 12th Avenue)
- Earlington Heights (SR 112 and NW 22nd Avenue)
Places of interest
- Miami Jackson Senior High School (founded 1898)
- Allapattah Library
Allapattah Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.