Antiochus IV Epiphanes facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsAntiochus IV Epiphanes
|Basileus of the Seleucid Empire|
|Reign||3 September 175 – November/December 164 BC|
|Predecessor||Antiochus, son of Seleucus IV|
|Successor||Antiochus V Eupator|
|Born||c. 215 BC|
|Died||November/December 164 BC (aged 50–51)|
|Father||Antiochus III the Great|
Antiochus IV Epiphanes ( Ancient Greek: Ἀντίοχος ὁ Ἐπιφανής, Antíochos ho Epiphanḗs, "God Manifest"; c. 215 BC – November/December 164 BC) was a Hellenistic king of the Seleucid Empire from 175 BC until his death in 164 BC. He was a son of King Antiochus III the Great. His original name was Mithradates (alternative form Mithridates); he assumed the name Antiochus after he ascended the throne. Notable events during the reign of Antiochus IV include his near-conquest of Egypt, his persecution of the Jews of Judea and Samaria, and the rebellion of the Jewish Maccabees.
Antiochus is notable as the first successful usurper in the history of the Seleucid realm and his rise to power set a pattern for further attempts in subsequent generations. After his own death, power struggles between competing lines of the ruling dynasty heavily contributed to the collapse of the empire.
Antiochus' often eccentric behaviour and capricious actions during his interactions with common people such as appearing in the public bath houses and applying for municipal offices led some of his contemporaries to call him Epimanes ("The Mad One"), a word play on his title Epiphanes.
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