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Arab, Alabama
Motto(s): 
"Proud of our past... embracing the future"
Location of Arab, Alabama
Country United States
State Alabama
Counties Marshall, Cullman
Government
 • Type City Council/Mayor
Area
 • Total 13.1 sq mi (34.0 km2)
 • Land 13.0 sq mi (33.6 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation
1,089 ft (332 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 8,050
 • Density 620/sq mi (239.4/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
35016
Area code(s) 256 , 938
FIPS code 01-02116
GNIS feature ID 0113194

Arab is a city in Marshall and Cullman counties in the northern part of the U.S. state of Alabama, located 10 miles (16 km) from Guntersville Lake and Guntersville Dam, and is included in the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 8,050.

Etymology

The name of the town was an unintentional misspelling by the U.S. Postal Service in 1882 of the city's intended name, taken from Arad Thompson, the son of the town founder and first postmaster Stephen Tuttle Thompson. Two other names for the town were sent to the Postal Service for consideration: "Ink" and "Bird". Arab has frequently been noted on lists of unusual place names.

History

Arab was incorporated in 1892.

Geography

Arab is located on top of Brindlee Mountain at 34°19′40″N 86°29′55″W / 34.32778°N 86.49861°W / 34.32778; -86.49861 (34.327863, -86.498613). The city is primarily in southern Marshall County; a small portion extends south into Cullman County.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.1 square miles (34.0 km2), of which 14.0 square miles (36.3 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 1.02%, is water. The town's elevation is 1,124 feet (343 m) above sea level.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 264
1930 425 61.0%
1940 640 50.6%
1950 1,592 148.8%
1960 2,989 87.8%
1970 4,399 47.2%
1980 6,053 37.6%
1990 6,321 4.4%
2000 7,174 13.5%
2010 8,050 12.2%
Est. 2015 8,295 3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
2013 Estimate

2000 census data

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,174 people, 3,012 households, and 2,075 families residing in the city. The population density was 561.8 inhabitants per square mile (216.9/km2). There were 3,223 housing units at an average density of 252.4 square miles (654 km2) . The racial makeup of the city was 98.29% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.17% from other races, and 0.49% from two or more races. 0.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,012 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,716, and the median income for a family was $45,761. Males had a median income of $32,425 versus $24,265 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,035. About 8.2% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.5% of those under age 18 and 14.9% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 8,050 people, 3,359 households, and 2,257 families residing in the city. The population density was 620 inhabitants per square mile (240/km2). There were 3,693 housing units at an average density of 284.1 square miles (736 km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.6% White, 0.1% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. 1.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,359 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.2 years. For every 100 females there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,435, and the median income for a family was $64,432. Males had a median income of $44,401 versus $40,062 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,986. About 13.3% of families and 18.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.7% of those under age 18 and 14.8% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

  • US 231.svg U.S. Highway 231
  • Alabama 69.svg Alabama State Route 69
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