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Oneonta
City
Oneonta is home to the Easley Covered Bridge, a county-owned, 95-foot (29 m) town lattice truss bridge built in 1927. Its WGCB number is 01-05-12.
Oneonta is home to the Easley Covered Bridge, a county-owned, 95-foot (29 m) town lattice truss bridge built in 1927. Its WGCB number is 01-05-12.
Motto(s): 
A Small City with Big Ideas
Location of Oneonta in Blount County, Alabama
Location of Oneonta in Blount County, Alabama
Country United States
State Alabama
County Blount
Government
 • Type Council
Area
 • Total 15.88 sq mi (41.14 km2)
 • Land 15.83 sq mi (40.99 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.14 km2)
Elevation
873 ft (266 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 6,938
 • Density 438.36/sq mi (169.25/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
35121
Area code 205, 659
FIPS code 01-57000
GNIS feature ID 0152813

Oneonta is a city in Blount County, Alabama, United States. At the 2020 census, the population was 6,938. The city is the county seat of Blount County. Oneonta is home to the Covered Bridge Festival.

History

A post office called Oneonta has been in operation since 1889. The city was named after Oneonta, New York, the native home of a railroad official. In 1889, the county seat was transferred to Oneonta from Blountsville.

During World War II, a small POW camp was operated outside of Oneonta.

Geography

Oneonta is located in eastern Blount County at 33°56'32.291" North, 86°28'43.586" West (33.942303, -86.478774). It is situated in Murphree Valley between Red Mountain and Sand Mountain to the northwest and Straight Mountain to the southeast.

U.S. Route 231 passes through the center of the city, leading northwest 7 miles (11 km) to Cleveland, Alabama, and southeast 14 miles (23 km) to Interstate 59 in Ashville.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.3 square miles (39.5 km2), of which 15.2 square miles (39.3 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.54%, is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 583
1910 609 4.5%
1920 876 43.8%
1930 1,387 58.3%
1940 2,376 71.3%
1950 2,802 17.9%
1960 4,136 47.6%
1970 4,390 6.1%
1980 4,824 9.9%
1990 4,844 0.4%
2000 5,576 15.1%
2010 6,567 17.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Oneonta racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 5,012 72.24%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 405 5.84%
Native American 11 0.16%
Asian 54 0.78%
Pacific Islander 1 0.01%
Other/Mixed 280 4.04%
Hispanic or Latino 1,175 16.94%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 6,938 people, 2,565 households, and 1,551 families residing in the city.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 6,567 people, 2,502 households, and 1,630 families residing in the city. The population density was 433 inhabitants per square mile (167/km2). There were 2,751 housing units at an average density of 179.8 per square mile (69.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.1% White, 6.0% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 7.6% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. 15.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,502 households, out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.9% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 23.0% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 20.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,192, and the median income for a family was $50,236. Males had a median income of $41,425 versus $22,160 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,951. About 13.0% of families and 17.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.2% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over.

Attractions

Oneonta, Alabama is home to the Historical Covered Bridge Festival. This annual event showcases the history of the remaining covered bridges in Blount County, and includes an arts and crafts festival with entertainment and events. Also located in Oneonta is the Blount County Memorial Museum, which hosts a variety of resources for genealogy research. Palisades Park features hiking trails and public campgrounds.

Education

Public education is provided by Oneonta City Schools. There are three schools in the city: Oneonta Elementary School (grades K through 5), Oneonta Middle School (grades 6 through 8), and Oneonta High School (grades 9 through 12). A branch of Wallace State Community College is also located in the town.

Notable people

  • Joe Gibbs, co-founder of the Golf Channel
  • Osmond Ingram, sailor in the United States Navy during World War I who posthumously received the Medal of Honor
  • Steve Patton, head coach of the Gardner–Webb University football team from 1997–2010
  • Kevin Sherrer, football coach
  • Rusty Paul, 2nd Mayor of Sandy Springs, Georgia.
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