Cullman County, Alabama facts for kids

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Cullman County, Alabama
Map

Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the USA highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded January 24, 1877
Seat Cullman
Largest City Cullman
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

755 sq mi (1,955 km²)
735 sq mi (1,904 km²)
20 sq mi (52 km²), 2.7%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

82,005
109/sq mi (42/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.co.cullman.al.us
Named for: John G. Cullmann
 
  • County Number 25 on Alabama Licence Plates

Cullman County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 80,406. Its county seat is Cullman. Its name is in honor of Colonel John G. Cullmann. It is a "moist" county in terms of availability of alcoholic beverages; the cities of Cullman, Good Hope and Hanceville allow sale of alcohol and are "wet" and the rest of the county is dry.

Cullman County comprises the Cullman, AL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is a component of the Birmingham-Hoover-Talladega, AL Combined Statistical Area.

Cullman is served by TV stations and FM radio stations from both Huntsville and Birmingham. Cullman County is a part of the designated market area, or "DMA," of Birmingham. Electricity in Cullman County is provided by the Tennessee Valley Authority and by the Alabama Power Company. For a long time, telephone service in this county was provided by the Southern Bell Company.

There is no commercial air transportation service in Cullman County, and this county is no longer served by intercity commercial buses.

History

This area was inhabited for thousands of years by varying cultures of indigenous peoples. The historic Cherokee and Choctaw lived here at the time of European encounter, with the Cherokee moving in after the American Revolutionary War and in response to pressures from northern area. Their settlements in Alabama were known as the Lower Towns.

People claiming descent from Cherokee who remained in the county after Indian Removal in the 1830s, organized as the "Echota Cherokee Tribe of Alabama" in the 1980s. The tribe was recognized by the state in 1984 but is not federally recognized. It claims 22,000 members in the state, mostly in northern Alabama.

Cullman County was organized in 1877 primarily by German American immigrants who had moved down from Cincinnati, Ohio. They founded an agricultural community and sought to create an agricultural revolution in what had been a frontier area, in the best traditions of innovation in the New South. However, hard geographical and social realities clashed with the often impractical vision of colonizer John G. Cullmann. His Germans, with their traditional work ethic and willingness to experiment with such new products as wine and strawberries, tried to make practical changes in southern farming. The Germans were outnumbered by more traditional families from neighboring regions, who replicated the traditional southern cotton culture.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 755 square miles (1,960 km2), of which 735 square miles (1,900 km2) is land and 20 square miles (52 km2) (2.7%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Transportation

Major highways

  • I-65 (AL).svg Interstate 65
  • US 31.svg U.S. Highway 31
  • US 231.svg U.S. Highway 231
  • US 278.svg U.S. Highway 278
  • Alabama 67.svg State Route 67
  • Alabama 69.svg State Route 69
  • Alabama 91.svg State Route 91
  • Alabama 157.svg State Route 157

Rail

  • CSX Transportation

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1880 6,355
1890 13,439 111.5%
1900 17,849 32.8%
1910 28,321 58.7%
1920 33,034 16.6%
1930 41,051 24.3%
1940 47,343 15.3%
1950 49,046 3.6%
1960 45,572 −7.1%
1970 52,445 15.1%
1980 61,642 17.5%
1990 67,613 9.7%
2000 77,483 14.6%
2010 80,406 3.8%
Est. 2015 82,005 5.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

As of the census of 2000, there were 77,483 people, 30,706 households, and 22,476 families residing in the county. The population density was 105 people per square mile (41/km2). There were 35,233 housing units at an average density of 48 per square mile (18/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.81% White, 0.96% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. 2.18% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 30,706 households out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.80% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.80% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,256, and the median income for a family was $39,341. Males had a median income of $30,444 versus $20,436 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,922. About 9.50% of families and 13.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.50% of those under age 18 and 16.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 80,406 people, 31,864 households, and 22,487 families residing in the county. The population density was 109 people per square mile (42/km2). There were 37,054 housing units at an average density of 49 per square mile (18/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.7% White, 1.1% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 2.2% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. 4.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 31,864 households out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.9 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.9 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,567, and the median income for a family was $47,771. Males had a median income of $36,952 versus $27,979 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,284. About 12.8% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.6% of those under age 18 and 12.6% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


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