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Marshall County, Alabama facts for kids

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Marshall County
Marshall County Courthouse in Guntersville
Marshall County Courthouse in Guntersville
Map of Alabama highlighting Marshall County
Location within the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Alabama
Founded January 9, 1836
Named for John Marshall
Seat Guntersville
Largest city Albertville
Area
 • Total 623 sq mi (1,610 km2)
 • Land 566 sq mi (1,470 km2)
 • Water 57 sq mi (150 km2)  9.2%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2015)
94,725
 • Density 164/sq mi (63/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 4th
 
  • County Number 50 on Alabama Licence Plates

Marshall County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census the population was 93,019. Its county seat is Guntersville. A second courthouse is in Albertville. Its name is in honor of John Marshall, famous Chief Justice of the United States. Marshall County is a dry county, with the exception of the four cities of Albertville, Arab, Guntersville, and Boaz.

Marshall County comprises the Albertville, AL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Huntsville-Decatur-Albertville, AL Combined Statistical Area.

History

Marshall County was established on January 9, 1836.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 623 square miles (1,610 km2), of which 566 square miles (1,470 km2) is land and 57 square miles (150 km2) (9.2%) is water. The Tennessee River runs both north and south within the county.

River

Tennessee River

Adjacent counties

Transportation

Major highways

US431 Guntersville
U.S. Highway 431 over the Tennessee River
  • US 231.svg U.S. Highway 231
  • US 431.svg U.S. Highway 431
  • Alabama 68.svg State Route 68
  • Alabama 69.svg State Route 69
  • Alabama 75.svg State Route 75
  • Alabama 79.svg State Route 79
  • Alabama 168.svg State Route 168
  • Alabama 179.svg State Route 179
  • Alabama 205.svg State Route 205
  • Alabama 227.svg State Route 227

Rail

  • Alabama and Tennessee River Railway

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 7,553
1850 8,846 17.1%
1860 11,472 29.7%
1870 9,871 −14.0%
1880 14,585 47.8%
1890 18,935 29.8%
1900 23,289 23.0%
1910 28,553 22.6%
1920 32,669 14.4%
1930 39,802 21.8%
1940 42,395 6.5%
1950 45,090 6.4%
1960 48,018 6.5%
1970 54,211 12.9%
1980 65,622 21.0%
1990 70,832 7.9%
2000 82,231 16.1%
2010 93,019 13.1%
Est. 2015 94,725 1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

As of the census of 2000, there were 82,231 people, 32,547 households, and 23,531 families residing in the county. The population density was 145 people per square mile (56/km2). There were 36,331 housing units at an average density of 64 per square mile (25/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.38% White, 1.47% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.24% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 5.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to the census of 2000, the largest ancestry groups in Marshall County were English 68.2%, Scots-Irish 12.31%, Scottish 5.1%, Irish 4.22%, Welsh 2.3% and African 1.47%

There were 32,547 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,167, and the median income for a family was $38,788. Males had a median income of $30,500 versus $20,807 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,089. About 11.70% of families and 14.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.90% of those under age 18 and 19.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 93,019 people, 35,810 households, and 25,328 families residing in the county. The population density was 164 people per square mile (63/km2). There were 40,342 housing units at an average density of 71 per square mile (28/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 87.6% White, 1.6% Black or African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 7.8% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. 12.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 35,810 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.3% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 8.58% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.2 years. For every 100 females there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.1 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,661, and the median income for a family was $47,440. Males had a median income of $36,024 versus $27,478 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,875. About 15.3% of families and 19.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.3% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.

Religion

As of the census of 2010:

Communities

Marshall County, Alabama Courthouse
Marshall County courthouse in Albertville.

Cities

Towns

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town

Places of interest

Marshall County is home to numerous outdoor recreation areas including Lake Guntersville State Park, Cathedral Caverns State Park, and Buck's Pocket State Park.

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