Etowah County, Alabama facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Etowah County, Alabama
Map
Map of Alabama highlighting Etowah County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the USA highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded December 7, 1866
Seat Gadsden
Largest City Gadsden
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

549 sq mi (1,422 km²)
535 sq mi (1,386 km²)
14 sq mi (36 km²), 2.5%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

103,057
195/sq mi (75/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.etowahcounty.org
 
  • County Number 31 on Alabama Licence Plates

Etowah County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census the population was 104,430. Its county seat is Gadsden. Its name is from a Cherokee word meaning "edible tree". In total area, it is the smallest county in Alabama, but one of the most densely populated.

Etowah County comprises the Gadsden, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The territory of Etowah County was originally split among the neighboring counties, with most of it belonging to DeKalb and Cherokee counties. It was separated and established as Baine County on December 7, 1866, by the first postwar legislature, named for General David W. Baine of the Confederate Army. The county seat was designated as Gadsden.

Because of postwar tensions and actions against freedmen, a state constitutional convention was called in 1868. During it, this new county was abolished, replaced on December 1, 1868 by one aligned to the same boundaries and named Etowah County, from a Cherokee language word. Most of the Cherokee had been removed in the 1830s to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River.

An F4 tornado struck here on Palm Sunday March 27, 1994. It destroyed Piedmont's Goshen United Methodist Church twelve minutes after the National Weather Service of Birmingham issued a tornado warning for northern Calhoun, southeastern Etowah, and southern Cherokee counties.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 549 square miles (1,420 km2), of which 535 square miles (1,390 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (2.5%) is water. It is the smallest county by area in Alabama.

Adjacent counties

Transportation

Major highways

  • I-59 (AL).svg Interstate 59
  • I-759 (AL).svg Interstate 759
  • US 11.svg U.S. Route 11
  • US 278.svg U.S. Route 278
  • US 411.svg U.S. Route 411
  • US 431.svg U.S. Route 431
  • Alabama 77.svg State Route 77
  • Alabama 132.svg State Route 132
  • Alabama 179.svg State Route 179
  • Alabama 205.svg State Route 205
  • Alabama 291.svg State Route 291
  • Alabama 759.svg State Route 759

Rail

  • Alabama and Tennessee River Railway
  • Norfolk Southern Railway
  • Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia Railway (Defunct)

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1870 10,109
1880 15,398 52.3%
1890 21,926 42.4%
1900 27,361 24.8%
1910 39,109 42.9%
1920 47,275 20.9%
1930 63,399 34.1%
1940 72,580 14.5%
1950 93,892 29.4%
1960 96,980 3.3%
1970 94,144 −2.9%
1980 103,057 9.5%
1990 99,840 −3.1%
2000 103,459 3.6%
2010 104,430 0.9%
Est. 2015 103,057 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

As of the census of 2000, there were 103,459 people, 41,615 households, and 29,463 families residing in the county. The population density was 193 people per square mile (75/km2). There were 45,959 housing units at an average density of 86 per square mile (33/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 82.87% White, 14.68% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 1.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 41,615 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.20% were married couples living together, 13.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.20% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,170, and the median income for a family was $38,697. Males had a median income of $31,610 versus $21,346 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,783. About 12.30% of families and 15.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.60% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 104,430 people, 42,036 households, and 28,708 families residing in the county. The population density was 195 people per square mile (75/km2). There were 47,454 housing units at an average density of 86 per square mile (33/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 80.3% White, 15.1% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 1.9% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. 3.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 42,036 households out of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 27.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.2 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,422, and the median income for a family was $44,706. Males had a median income of $39,814 versus $30,220 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,439. About 13.1% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.6% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


Etowah County, Alabama Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.