kids encyclopedia robot

Cherokee County, Alabama facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Cherokee County
Cherokee County Courthouse in Centre
Cherokee County Courthouse in Centre
Map of Alabama highlighting Cherokee County
Location within the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Alabama
Founded January 9, 1836
Named for Cherokee Nation
Seat Centre
Largest city Centre
Area
 • Total 600 sq mi (2,000 km2)
 • Land 554 sq mi (1,430 km2)
 • Water 46 sq mi (120 km2)  7.7%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 24,971
 • Estimate 
(2021)
24,996 Increase
 • Density 42/sq mi (16.1/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts 3rd, 4th
  • County Number 13 on Alabama Licence Plates

Cherokee County, Alabama is a county located in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2020 census, the population was 24,971. Its county seat is Centre. The county is named for the Cherokee tribe.

History

The area included in today's Cherokee County for centuries had belonged to the Cherokee Nation of Native Americans. On December 29, 1835, however, Cherokee leaders signed the controversial Treaty of New Echota, agreeing to surrender their lands in return for new lands west of the Mississippi River. This treaty contributed to the apparent theft of land from the Native Americans by the U.S. government. To this day, there are few Native Americans in Cherokee County.

On January 9, 1836, the Alabama legislature created Cherokee County with its present boundaries. Two years later, the United States government removed by force all Cherokees who had refused to leave on what would become known as the Trail of Tears.

Cherokee County was in the news again on Palm Sunday, March 27, 1994, when it was hit by a Force 4 tornado. Goshen United Methodist Church was destroyed only twelve minutes after the National Weather Service at Birmingham had issued a warning for northern Calhoun, southeastern Etowah, and southern Cherokee counties.

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 600 square miles (1,600 km2), of which 554 square miles (1,430 km2) (or 92.19%) is land and 46 square miles (120 km2) (7.7%) is water. It is the second-smallest county in Alabama by land area.

Major highways

  • US 278.svg U.S. Highway 278
  • US 411.svg U.S. Highway 411
  • Alabama 9.svg State Route 9
  • Alabama 35.svg State Route 35
  • Alabama 68.svg State Route 68
  • Alabama 273.svg State Route 273
  • Alabama 283.svg State Route 283

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 8,773
1850 13,884 58.3%
1860 18,360 32.2%
1870 11,132 −39.4%
1880 19,108 71.6%
1890 20,459 7.1%
1900 21,096 3.1%
1910 20,226 −4.1%
1920 20,862 3.1%
1930 20,219 −3.1%
1940 19,928 −1.4%
1950 17,634 −11.5%
1960 16,303 −7.5%
1970 15,606 −4.3%
1980 18,760 20.2%
1990 19,543 4.2%
2000 23,988 22.7%
2010 25,989 8.3%
Est. 2021 24,996 −3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2020

2020

Cherokee County racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 22,563 90.36%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 987 3.95%
Native American 109 0.44%
Asian 55 0.22%
Pacific Islander 1 0.0%
Other/Mixed 856 3.43%
Hispanic or Latino 400 1.6%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 24,971 people, 10,737 households, and 7,307 families residing in the county.

2010

As of the 2010 census, there were 25,989 people, 10,626 households, and 7,493 families living in the county. The population density was 47 people per square mile (18/km2). There were 16,267 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (10/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.7% White, 4.6% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.35% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. 1.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 10,626 households 25.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 26.0% of households were one person and 10.4% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.89.

The age distribution was 21.4% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 22.8% from 25 to 44, 30.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% 65 or older. The median age was 43.9 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.8 males.

The median household income was $40,690 and the median family income was $47,365. Males had a median income of $40,050 versus $27,352 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,322. About 13.7% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.

2000

At the 2000 census there were 23,988 people, 9,719 households, and 7,201 families living in the county. The population density was 43 people per square mile (17/km2). There were 14,025 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.83% White, 5.54% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.35% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. 0.85% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 9,719 households 28.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.40% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.90% were non-families. 23.90% of households were one person and 10.40% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.86.

The age distribution was 22.20% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 26.70% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% 65 or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.

The median household income was $30,874 and the median family income was $36,920. Males had a median income of $29,978 versus $20,958 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,543. About 11.80% of families and 15.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 14.90% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town

kids search engine
Cherokee County, Alabama Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.