Cleburne County, Alabama facts for kids

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Cleburne County, Alabama
Map
Map of Alabama highlighting Cleburne County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the USA highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded December 6, 1866
Seat Heflin
Largest City Heflin
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

561 sq mi (1,453 km²)
560 sq mi (1,450 km²)
0.9 sq mi (2 km²), 0.2%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

15,018
27/sq mi (10/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.cleburnecounty.us
Named for: Patrick Cleburne
 
  • County Number 18 on Alabama Licence Plates

Cleburne County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,972. Its county seat is Heflin. Its name is in honor of Major General Patrick R. Cleburne, of Arkansas. The eastern side of the county borders the state of Georgia.

History

Cleburne County was established on December 6, 1866, by an act of the state legislature. The county was made from territory in Benton (now Calhoun), Randolph, and Talladega counties. In 1867, Edwardsville was made the county seat. An election was held in 1905 to move the county seat to Heflin. The result of that election, which agreed to move the seat, was appealed to the Supreme Court, who decided on July 1, 1906, to uphold the election results. Heflin is still the county seat. Heflin was at one point thought of as a hub for nearby farmers to send their cotton. Shortly after the Civil War, a group of northern investors created the town of Fruithurst in Cleburne County as part of a wine-growing project. Fruithurst became a boomtown shortly thereafter.

Geography

Cleburne County Courthouse
Cleburne County Courthouse in March 1980.
Cheaha Lake in the Fall
Cheaha Mountain, Cleburne County
Shoal Creek Church Edwardsville Alabama
Shoal Creek Church is a historic church located in Cleburne County just north of Edwardsville, Alabama in Talladega National Forest. The church was built in 1895 and added to the National Register of Historic Places on December 4, 1974

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 561 square miles (1,450 km2), of which 560 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.2%) is water. It is the fourth-smallest county in Alabama by land area and second-largest by total area. Cleburne County is home to Alabama's highest natural point on Cheaha Mountain which is part of the southernmost mountain range in the Blue Ridge Mountains.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Talladega National Forest (part)

Transportation

Major highways

  • I-20 (AL).svg Interstate 20
  • US 78.svg U.S. Highway 78
  • US 431.svg U.S. Highway 431
  • Alabama 9.svg State Route 9
  • Alabama 46.svg State Route 46
  • Alabama 281.svg State Route 281

Rail

  • Norfolk Southern Railway
  • Amtrak

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1870 8,017
1880 10,976 36.9%
1890 13,218 20.4%
1900 13,206 −0.1%
1910 13,385 1.4%
1920 13,360 −0.2%
1930 12,877 −3.6%
1940 13,629 5.8%
1950 11,904 −12.7%
1960 10,911 −8.3%
1970 10,996 0.8%
1980 12,595 14.5%
1990 12,730 1.1%
2000 14,123 10.9%
2010 14,972 6.0%
Est. 2015 15,018 6.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

As of the census of 2010, there were 14,972 people, 5,891 households, and 4,196 families residing in the county. The population density was 27 people per square mile (10/km2). There were 6,718 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.0% White (non-Hispanic), 3.3% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. 2.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,891 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.6 years. For every 100 females there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.9 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,077, and the median income for a family was $41,585. Males had a median income of $39,709 versus $26,229 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,490. About 11.6% of families and 17.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 18 and 13.7% of those age 65 or over.

As of the census of 2000, there were 14,123 people, 5,590 households, and 4,125 families residing in the county. The population density was 25 people per square mile (10/km2). There were 6,189 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.74% White (non-Hispanic), 7.70% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 3.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,590 households out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.40% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.20% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 25.30% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,820, and the median income for a family was $35,579. Males had a median income of $29,752 versus $18,840 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,762. About 10.90% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.10% of those under age 18 and 20.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Towns

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities


Cleburne County, Alabama Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.