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Polk County, Georgia facts for kids

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Polk County
Polk County Courthouse in Cedartown
Polk County Courthouse in Cedartown
Map of Georgia highlighting Polk County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Georgia
Founded December 20, 1851
Named for James K. Polk
Area
 • Total 312 sq mi (810 km2)
 • Land 310 sq mi (800 km2)
 • Water 1.8 sq mi (5 km2)  0.6%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 41,475
 • Density 134/sq mi (52/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 14th
Polk County Sign, Cedartown, Georgia
The Polk County Historical Marker

Polk County is a county located in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 41,475. The county seat is Cedartown. The county was created on December 20, 1851 by an act of the Georgia General Assembly and named after James K. Polk, the eleventh President of the United States.

Polk County comprises the Cedartown, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA Combined Statistical Area

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 312 square miles (810 km2), of which 310 square miles (800 km2) is land and 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2) (0.6%) is water.

Most of eastern Polk County, centered on Rockmart, is located in the Etowah River sub-basin of the ACT River Basin (Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basin), while most of western Polk County, centered on Cedartown, is located in the Upper Coosa River sub-basin of the same ACT River Basin. Small slivers of the southern edges of the county are located in the Upper Tallapoosa River sub-basin of the same larger ACT River Basin.

Major highways

  • US 27.svg U.S. Route 27
  • Business plate.svg
    US 27.svg U.S. Route 27 Business
  • US 278.svg U.S. Route 278
  • Business plate.svg
    US 278.svg U.S. Route 278 Business
  • Georgia 1.svg State Route 1
  • Georgia 1 Business.svg State Route 1 Business
  • Georgia 6.svg State Route 6
  • Georgia 6 Business.svg State Route 6 Business
  • Georgia 100.svg State Route 100
  • Georgia 101.svg State Route 101
  • Georgia 113.svg State Route 113

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 6,295
1870 7,822 24.3%
1880 11,952 52.8%
1890 14,945 25.0%
1900 17,856 19.5%
1910 20,203 13.1%
1920 20,357 0.8%
1930 25,141 23.5%
1940 28,467 13.2%
1950 30,976 8.8%
1960 28,015 −9.6%
1970 29,656 5.9%
1980 32,386 9.2%
1990 33,815 4.4%
2000 38,127 12.8%
2010 41,475 8.8%
Est. 2015 41,524 0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 38,127 people, 14,012 households, and 10,340 families residing in the county. The population density was 122 people per square mile (47/km²). There were 15,059 housing units at an average density of 48 per square mile (19/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.52% White, 13.34% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.62% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 7.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,012 households out of which 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.90% were married couples living together, 13.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.20% were non-families. 22.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 13.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,328, and the median income for a family was $37,847. Males had a median income of $29,985 versus $21,452 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,617. About 11.20% of families and 15.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.70% of those under age 18 and 12.60% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 41,475 people, 15,092 households, and 10,908 families residing in the county. The population density was 133.6 inhabitants per square mile (51.6/km2). There were 16,908 housing units at an average density of 54.5 per square mile (21.0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 77.1% white, 12.5% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 7.5% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 11.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 17.2% were English, 15.2% were American, 13.0% were Irish, and 5.3% were German.

Of the 15,092 households, 38.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.7% were non-families, and 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.20. The median age was 36.2 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,646 and the median income for a family was $43,172. Males had a median income of $37,070 versus $27,758 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,214. About 15.6% of families and 19.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.

Recreation

  • Silver Comet Trail
  • Nathan Dean Complex and Park

Communities

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