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Polk County, Georgia facts for kids

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Polk County
Polk County Courthouse in Cedartown
Polk County Courthouse in Cedartown
Map of Georgia highlighting Polk County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Georgia
Founded December 20, 1851; 172 years ago (1851)
Named for James K. Polk
Seat Cedartown
Largest city Cedartown
Area
 • Total 312 sq mi (810 km2)
 • Land 310 sq mi (800 km2)
 • Water 1.8 sq mi (5 km2)  0.6%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
42,470
 • Density 134/sq mi (52/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 14th
Polk County Sign, Cedartown, Georgia
The Polk County Historical Marker

Polk County is a county located in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 41,475. The county seat is Cedartown. The county was created on December 20, 1851, by an act of the Georgia General Assembly and named after James K. Polk, the eleventh President of the United States.

Polk County comprises the Cedartown, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA Combined Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 312 square miles (810 km2), of which 310 square miles (800 km2) is land and 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2) (0.6%) is water.

Most of eastern Polk County, centered on Rockmart, is located in the Etowah River sub-basin of the ACT River Basin (Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basin), while most of western Polk County, centered on Cedartown, is located in the Upper Coosa River sub-basin of the same ACT River Basin. Small slivers of the southern edges of the county are located in the Upper Tallapoosa River sub-basin of the same larger ACT River Basin.

Major highways

  • US 27.svg U.S. Route 27
  • Business plate.svg
    US 27.svg U.S. Route 27 Business
  • US 278.svg U.S. Route 278
  • Business plate.svg
    US 278.svg U.S. Route 278 Business
  • Georgia 1.svg State Route 1
  • Georgia 1 Business.svg State Route 1 Business
  • Georgia 6.svg State Route 6
  • Georgia 6 Business.svg State Route 6 Business
  • Georgia 100.svg State Route 100
  • Georgia 101.svg State Route 101
  • Georgia 113.svg State Route 113

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 6,295
1870 7,822 24.3%
1880 11,952 52.8%
1890 14,945 25.0%
1900 17,856 19.5%
1910 20,203 13.1%
1920 20,357 0.8%
1930 25,141 23.5%
1940 28,467 13.2%
1950 30,976 8.8%
1960 28,015 −9.6%
1970 29,656 5.9%
1980 32,386 9.2%
1990 33,815 4.4%
2000 38,127 12.8%
2010 41,475 8.8%
2019 (est.) 42,613 2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 41,475 people, 15,092 households, and 10,908 families living in the county. The population density was 133.6 inhabitants per square mile (51.6/km2). There were 16,908 housing units at an average density of 54.5 per square mile (21.0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 77.1% white, 12.5% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 7.5% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 11.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 17.2% were English, 15.2% were American, 13.0% were Irish, and 5.3% were German.

Of the 15,092 households, 38.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.7% were non-families, and 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.20. The median age was 36.2 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,646 and the median income for a family was $43,172. Males had a median income of $37,070 versus $27,758 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,214. About 15.6% of families and 19.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census

Polk County racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 30,161 70.38%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 5,119 11.95%
Native American 101 0.24%
Asian 239 0.56%
Pacific Islander 21 0.05%
Other/Mixed 1,627 3.8%
Hispanic or Latino 5,585 13.03%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 42,853 people, 15,038 households, and 10,151 families residing in the county.

Recreation

  • Silver Comet Trail
  • Nathan Dean Complex and Park

Communities

Black History Month on Kiddle
African-American Astronauts:
Jessica Watkins
Robert Henry Lawrence Jr.
Mae Jemison
Sian Proctor
Guion Bluford
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