Bartow County, Georgia facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
The Bartow County Courthouse, built in 1902.
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
|Founded||December 3, 1832|
|Named for||Francis S. Bartow|
|• Total||470 sq mi (1,200 km2)|
|• Land||460 sq mi (1,200 km2)|
|• Water||11 sq mi (30 km2) 2.2%%|
| • Estimate
|• Density||218/sq mi (84/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Traditionally considered part of northwest Georgia, Bartow County is now included in the Atlanta metropolitan area, mainly in the southeastern part near Cartersville, which has become an exurb more than 40 miles (64 km) from downtown Atlanta on I-75. It has a sole commissioner government, and is the largest county by population of the few remaining in Georgia with a sole commissioner.
Bartow County was created from the Cherokee lands of the Cherokee County territory on December 3, 1832, and named Cass County, after General Lewis Cass (1782–1866) Secretary of War under President Andrew Jackson, Minister to France and Secretary of State under President James Buchanan, who was instrumental in the removal of Native Americans from the area. However, the county was renamed on December 6, 1861 in honor of Francis S. Bartow because of Cass's support of the Union, even though Bartow never visited in the county, living 200 miles away near Savannah all of his life. Cass had supported the doctrine of popular sovereignty, the right of each state to determine its own laws independently of the Federal government, ironcially the platform of conservative Southerners who removed his name. The first county seat was at Cassville, but after the burning of the county courthouse and the Sherman Occupation, the seat moved to Cartersville, where it remains.
The county was profoundly affected by the Civil War, setting it back economically for many decades. May 18 and 19, 1864, General George Henry Thomas led the Army of the Cumberland after General William J. Hardee's Corps of the Army of Tennessee, and General James B. McPherson led his Federal Army of the Tennessee flanking Hardee's army to the west. This huge army was disruptive and sought food. Elements were out of control and sacked homes depleting meager supplies.
Property destruction and the deaths of one-third of the county's soldiers during the war caused financial and social calamity for many.
Slaves gained their freedom, and for over a decade exercised the political franchise through the Republican Party. In 1870, about 1 black family in 12 owned real estate. More of the blacks lived in white-headed households, working as domestic servants and laborers. The great majority of freedpeople were day laborers or farm laborers, while a sizable minority occupied skilled positions such as blacksmiths, wheelwrights, and iron workers.
By the late 1870s, hardship was experienced by everyone. Blacks had been relegated to second-class citizenship by Jim Crow laws.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 470 square miles (1,217 km2), of which 460 square miles (1,191 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) or 2.2% is water.
The bulk of Bartow County is located in the Etowah River sub-basin of the ACT River Basin (Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basin). The northeastern portion of the county around Rydal is located in the Coosawattee River sub-basin of the same ACT River Basin, while an even smaller northwestern section around Adairsville is located in the Oostanaula River sub-basin of the larger ACT River Basin.
The Etowah is mostly part of Lake Allatoona in southeast Bartow and southwest Cherokee counties, with the Allatoona Dam near Cartersville also impounding Allatoona Creek into northwest Cobb county. The peninsula between the two major arms of the lake is home to Red Top Mountain State Park, east-southeast of Cartersville and just southeast of the dam.
- Gordon County – north
- Pickens County – northeast
- Cherokee County – east
- Cobb County – southeast
- Paulding County – south
- Polk County – southwest
- Floyd County – west
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 100,157 people, 35,782 households, and 26,529 families living in the county. The population density was 217.9 inhabitants per square mile (84.1/km2). There were 39,823 housing units at an average density of 86.7 per square mile (33.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 82.7% white, 10.2% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 3.8% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 13.9% were American, 10.0% were Irish, 9.3% were English, and 7.8% were German.
Of the 35,782 households, 39.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.9% were non-families, and 21.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.20. The median age was 36.2 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $49,216 and the median income for a family was $56,281. Males had a median income of $42,835 versus $31,225 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,241. About 10.8% of families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.9% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.
|Black or African American (non-Hispanic)||11,309||10.38%|
|Hispanic or Latino||10,751||9.87%|
As of the 2020 United States census, there were 108,901 people, 39,742 households, and 28,529 families residing in the county.
- Euharlee Road
- Old S.R. 293. Portion south of Emerson and east of U.S. 41 into Cobb County.
- Old Alabama Road. Future route of S.R. 113.
- Burnt Hickory Road
- Taylorsville-Macedonia Road
- Macedonia Road
- Halls Station Road
- Spring Place Road
- Cassville-White Road
- Glade Road
- Red Top Mountain Rd
- Peeples Valley Rd
- Cassville Rd (Old U.S. 41)
- Bartow History Museum opened in 1987 and is located in the historic 1869 Courthouse in downtown Cartersville. Artifacts, photographs, documents and a variety of permanent exhibits focus on the settlement and development of Bartow County, Georgia, beginning with the early nineteenth century when the Cherokee inhabited the area. Early European settler life, the iron ore and bauxite industries, Civil War strife, post-war recovery, the Great Depression era, early textile industries and notable figures are depicted through interactive exhibits in the permanent gallery space. The museum offers a wide variety of education programs, and lectures.
- Booth Western Art Museum, an Affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution, is a 120,000-square-foot (11,000 m2) museum located in Cartersville. Guests are invited to See America’s Story through contemporary Western artwork, Presidential portraits and letters, Civil War art, more than 200 Native American artifacts, and Sagebrush Ranch children’s gallery. Open since August 2003, Booth Museum is the second largest art museum in the state of Georgia, and houses the largest permanent exhibition space for Western art in the country.
- Tellus Science Museum, an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution, is a world-class 120,000-square-foot (11,000 m2) museum is located in Cartersville, just off I-75 at exit 293. The museum features four main galleries: The Weinman Mineral Gallery, The Fossil Gallery, Science in Motion and The Collins Family My Big Backyard. There is also a 120-seat digital planetarium and an observatory with a state-of-the-art 20-inch telescope located at Tellus.
- Euharlee History Museum, is located adjacent to the Euharlee Covered Bridge in Euharlee, Georgia, about 9 miles west of downtown Cartersville. The museum opened in 1997 and is a cooperation between the Euharlee Historical Society and the City of Euharlee.
- Adairsville Rail Depot Age of Steam Museum, is located in a restored 1847 railroad depot on the Historic Public Square, in Adairsville along with a locally operated Welcome Center. The Museum displays artifacts and pictures covering almost 150 years of life in the area, including the Civil War, the chenille boom, railroad history, early farming implements, and weapons.
- Bartow County Georgia Hiking Trails
- Etowah Indian Mounds
- Rowland Springs
- Rydal (south of Pine Log)
- Pine Log (north of Rydal)
- Allatoona (mostly lost to Lake Allatoona, but portion remains at Allatoona Pass)
|Cass Station||Cassville (Manassas)||Cave||Cement||Center|
|Etowah Valley (see Rowland Springs)||Eves||Ferrobutte (see Rogers Station)||Five Forks||Flexatile (see Funkhouser)|
|Folsom||Ford||Grassdale||Gum Springs||Halls Station (see Linwood)|
|Linwood (see Hall's Station)||Little Prairie||Malbone||McCallie||McGinnis|
|Mountain House||Murchisons||Nalinza||Pine Log (see Rydal)||Rogers Station (aka Rogersville)|
|Rowland Springs (see Etowah Valley)||Ruby||Rydal (see Pine Log)||Sanfordsville||Sophia|
|Stamp Creek||Stilesboro||Sugar Hill||Woolley's||Wyvern|
Public education in Bartow County is administered by Bartow County School District and Cartersville City Schools.
Excel Christian Academy and The Trinity School are private institutions.
Bartow County, Georgia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.