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Pickens County, Georgia facts for kids

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Pickens County, Georgia
Map
Map of Georgia highlighting Pickens County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the USA highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded December 5, 1853
Seat Jasper
Largest City Jasper
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

233 sq mi (603 km²)
232 sq mi (601 km²)
0.7 sq mi (2 km²), 0.3%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

29,431
127/sq mi (49/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: http://pickenscountyga.gov/
Named for: Andrew Pickens

Pickens County is a county located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,431. The county seat is Jasper.

Pickens County is part of the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The Georgia General Assembly passed an act on December 5, 1853 to create Pickens County from portions of Cherokee and Gilmer counties. Pickens received several more land additions from Cherokee (1869) and Gilmer Counties (1858 and 1863); however several sections of Pickens County have also been transferred to other counties: Dawson County (1857), Gordon County (1860), and Cherokee County (1870).

Pickens County is named for American Revolutionary War General Andrew Pickens.

Most of Pickens County's early industry revolved around the marble industry. Georgia Marble Company is located in Marble Hill near Tate. The Tate Elementary school is built out of marble. The marble was also used to make the statue of Abraham Lincoln in the Lincoln Memorial. Most of the marble is white, but there is also very rare pink marble. It is one of the few places in the world where pink marble is found. The marble is also used for tombstones for the United States Military.

Pickens County has seen very rapid growth with the building of Georgia State Route 515, locally referred to as the '4 lane'. Many new businesses and residents continue to move to Pickens County.

Pickens County is home the Georgia Marble Festival.

Geography

Sharp Top Mountain, Pickens County, Georgia
Sharp Top Mountain, viewed from Grandview Lake Dam

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 233 square miles (600 km2), of which 232 square miles (600 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (0.3%) is water. The highest point in Pickens County is the 3,288 foot summit of Mount Oglethorpe, the southernmost peak in the Blue Ridge Mountains and, for a number of years, the southern terminus of the Appalachian Trail.

Other notable peaks in Pickens County include Sharp Top Mountain and Sharp Mountain. One of the best viewpoints of Sharp Top Mountain is from Grandview Lake Dam on Grandview Road.

The eastern half of Pickens County is located in the Etowah River sub-basin of the ACT River Basin (Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basin). The western half of the county is located in the Coosawattee River sub-basin of the same larger ACT River Basin.

Adjacent counties

Transportation

Major highways

  • I-575.svg Interstate 575
  • Georgia 5.svg State Route 5
  • Georgia 53.svg State Route 53
  • Georgia 53 Business.svg State Route 53 Business
  • Georgia 108.svg State Route 108
  • Georgia 136.svg State Route 136
  • Georgia 136 Connector.svg State Route 136 Connector
  • Georgia 372.svg State Route 372
  • Georgia 417.svg State Route 417 (unsigned designation for I-575)
  • Georgia 515.svg State Route 515

Other highways

  • Burnt Mountain Road (Old Georgia State Route 108)
  • Canton Highway (Old Georgia State Route 5)
  • Church Street (Georgia State Route 53 Business)
  • Cove Road
  • Ellijay Road (Old Georgia State Route 5)
  • Henderson Mountain Road (Old Georgia State Route 143/Georgia State Route 379)
  • Jones Mountain Road
  • Lumber Company Road
  • Philadelphia Road
  • Refuge Road (Old Georgia State Route 108)
  • Steve Tate Highway
  • Salem Church Road
  • Sunrise Ridge Road (Old Georgia State Route 108)
  • Talking Rock Road (Old Georgia State Route 5)
  • Yellow Creek Road
  • Whitestone Road

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 4,951
1870 5,317 7.4%
1880 6,790 27.7%
1890 8,182 20.5%
1900 8,641 5.6%
1910 9,041 4.6%
1920 8,222 −9.1%
1930 9,687 17.8%
1940 9,136 −5.7%
1950 8,855 −3.1%
1960 8,903 0.5%
1970 9,620 8.1%
1980 11,652 21.1%
1990 14,432 23.9%
2000 22,983 59.3%
2010 29,431 28.1%
Est. 2015 30,309 3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 22,983 people, 8,960 households, and 6,791 families residing in the county. The population density was 99 people per square mile (38/km²). There were 10,687 housing units at an average density of 46 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.21% White, 1.27% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.04% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 2.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,960 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.50% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.20% were non-families. 20.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 25.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,387, and the median income for a family was $47,123. Males had a median income of $32,039 versus $22,866 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,774. About 6.20% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.20% of those under age 18 and 7.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 29,431 people, 11,291 households, and 8,423 families residing in the county. The population density was 126.8 inhabitants per square mile (49.0/km2). There were 13,692 housing units at an average density of 59.0 per square mile (22.8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.7% white, 1.1% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 1.3% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 17.8% were American, 13.2% were English, 12.3% were Irish, and 10.0% were German.

Of the 11,291 households, 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.7% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.4% were non-families, and 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.97. The median age was 42.1 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $49,945 and the median income for a family was $59,955. Males had a median income of $46,773 versus $34,394 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,892. About 8.9% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.9% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and Communities

Incorporated cities

Unincorporated Communities

Private Communities

A significant portion of the county population resides in these three communities. These are large, gated private communities that function similar to a municipality providing many municipal-type services that operate independent of county government.

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