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Morgan County, Alabama facts for kids

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Morgan County
The Morgan County Courthouse in Decatur
The Morgan County Courthouse in Decatur
Map of Alabama highlighting Morgan County
Location within the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Alabama
Founded February 6, 1818
Named for Daniel Morgan
Seat Decatur
Largest city Decatur
Area
 • Total 599 sq mi (1,550 km2)
 • Land 579 sq mi (1,500 km2)
 • Water 20 sq mi (50 km2)  3.3%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 123,421
 • Estimate 
(2021)
123,668 Increase
 • Density 206.05/sq mi (79.55/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 5th
  • County Number 52 on Alabama Licence Plates

Morgan County is a county in the north central part of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2020 census the population was 123,421. The county seat is Decatur. The county was created by the Alabama Territorial legislature on February 6, 1818, from land acquired from the Cherokee Indians in the Treaty of Turkeytown, and was originally called Cotaco County. On June 14, 1821, it was renamed in honor of American Revolutionary War General Daniel Morgan of Virginia. It is a prohibition or dry county, although alcohol sales are allowed in the cities of Decatur, Hartselle, and Priceville. Morgan County is included in the Decatur, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Huntsville-Decatur-Albertville, AL Combined Statistical Area. It is a part of the North, Northwest, and North-Central regions of Alabama.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 599 square miles (1,550 km2), of which 579 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 20 square miles (52 km2) (3.3%) is water.

River

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 5,263
1830 9,062 72.2%
1840 9,841 8.6%
1850 10,125 2.9%
1860 11,335 12.0%
1870 12,187 7.5%
1880 16,428 34.8%
1890 24,089 46.6%
1900 28,820 19.6%
1910 33,781 17.2%
1920 40,196 19.0%
1930 46,176 14.9%
1940 48,148 4.3%
1950 52,924 9.9%
1960 60,454 14.2%
1970 77,306 27.9%
1980 90,231 16.7%
1990 100,043 10.9%
2000 111,064 11.0%
2010 119,490 7.6%
2020 123,421 3.3%
2021 (est.) 123,668 3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2020

2010 census

At the 2010 census there were 119,490 people, 47,030 households, and 33,135 families living in the county. The population density was 206.4 people per square mile (79.7/km2). There were 51,193 housing units at an average density of 88 per square mile (34/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 79.8% White, 11.9% Black or African American, 0.9% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.8% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. 7.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 47,030 households 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 25.9% of households were one person and 9.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.99.

The age distribution was 24.0% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% 65 or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.4 males.

The median household income was $44,349 and the median family income was $54,653. Males had a median income of $43,455 versus $29,270 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,090. About 10.9% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.9% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census

Morgan County racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 88,238 71.49%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 15,307 12.4%
Native American 631 0.51%
Asian 829 0.67%
Pacific Islander 79 0.06%
Other/Mixed 5,960 4.83%
Hispanic or Latino 12,377 10.03%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 123,421 people, 46,470 households, and 31,752 families residing in the county.

Transportation

Major highways

  • I-65 (AL).svg Interstate 65
  • US 31.svg U.S. Route 31
  • Alternate plate.svg
    US 72.svg U.S. Highway 72 Alternate
  • US 231.svg U.S. Highway 231
  • Alabama 20.svg State Route 20
  • Alabama 24.svg State Route 24
  • Alabama 36.svg State Route 36
  • Alabama 67.svg State Route 67
  • Alabama 157.svg State Route 157

Rail

  • CSX Transportation
  • Norfolk Southern Railway

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town

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