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Limestone County, Alabama facts for kids

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Limestone County
Limestone County Courthouse in Athens
Limestone County Courthouse in Athens
Map of Alabama highlighting Limestone County
Location within the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Alabama
Founded February 6, 1818
Named for Limestone Creek
Seat Athens
Largest city Athens
 • Total 607 sq mi (1,570 km2)
 • Land 560 sq mi (1,500 km2)
 • Water 47 sq mi (120 km2)  7.8%
 • Total 103,570
 • Estimate 
107,517 Increase
 • Density 170.63/sq mi (65.88/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 5th
  • County Number 44 on Alabama Licence Plates

Limestone County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2020 census, the county's population was 103,570. Its county seat is Athens. The county is named after Limestone Creek. Limestone County is included in the Huntsville, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Limestone County was established by the Alabama Territorial legislature on February 6, 1818. On November 27, 1821, the Alabama State legislature passed an Act that altered the boundary of Limestone County to include the area east of the mouth of the Elk River with the Tennessee River. At the time, that area was a part of Lauderdale County.

Limestone County (Alabama) Historical Marker
Historical marker on the northwest side of the courthouse


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 607 square miles (1,570 km2), of which 560 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 47 square miles (120 km2) (7.8%) is water. It is the third smallest county in Alabama by land area.


Adjacent counties

National protected area


Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 9,871
1830 14,807 50.0%
1840 14,374 −2.9%
1850 16,483 14.7%
1860 15,306 −7.1%
1870 15,017 −1.9%
1880 21,600 43.8%
1890 21,201 −1.8%
1900 22,387 5.6%
1910 26,880 20.1%
1920 31,341 16.6%
1930 36,629 16.9%
1940 35,642 −2.7%
1950 35,766 0.3%
1960 36,513 2.1%
1970 41,699 14.2%
1980 46,005 10.3%
1990 54,135 17.7%
2000 65,676 21.3%
2010 82,782 26.0%
2020 103,570 25.1%
2021 (est.) 107,517 29.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2020

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 82,782 people, 31,446 households, and 22,876 families living in the county. The population density was 57.1/km2 (147.8/sq mi). There were 34,977 housing units at an average density of 24.1/km2 (62.5/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 80.3% White, 12.6% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.5% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. 5.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 31,446 households, 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 23.7% of households were one person and 8.5% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.00.

The age distribution was 24.0% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% 65 or older. The median age was 38.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.0 males.

The median household income in the county was $46,682, and the median family income was $55,518. Males had a median income of $46,071 versus $31,609 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,007. About 10.3% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census

Limestone County racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 75,692 73.08%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 13,177 12.72%
Native American 458 0.44%
Asian 1,857 1.79%
Pacific Islander 70 0.07%
Other/Mixed 5,068 4.89%
Hispanic or Latino 7,248 7.0%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 103,570 people, 32,020 households, and 23,919 families residing in the county.


Major highways

  • I-65 (AL).svg Interstate 65
  • I-565 (AL).svg Interstate 565
  • US 31.svg U.S. Highway 31
  • US 72.svg U.S. Highway 72
  • Alternate plate.svg
    US 72.svgAlabama 20.svg Alternate U.S. Highway 72/State Route 20
  • Alabama 53.svg State Route 53
  • Alabama 99.svg State Route 99
  • Alabama 127.svg State Route 127
  • Alabama 251.svg State Route 251


  • CSX Transportation—freight line that runs North to South
  • Norfolk Southern Railway—freight line that runs east–west


  • Cowford Campground — riverside campground with 48 campsites with full hookups. Next to Cowford Landing.
  • Cowford Landing — swimming, fishing, and boating. Next to Cowford Campground.
  • Limestone County Canoe & Kayak Trail — a 21.9 miles (35.2 km) along the Elk River for canoeing with 5 access sites. Designated a National Recreation Trail in 2010.
  • Noah Bike & Vintage Car Trail — a road route for bicycles, motorcycles, and vintage cars in Northwest Limestone County that is 89 miles (143 km) long. The starts and ends at the Athens-Limestone Visitor's Center at 34°48′11″N 86°58′01″W / 34.803°N 86.967°W / 34.803; -86.967.
  • Richard Martin Trail — a 10.2 miles (16.4 km) rail trail in northern part of the county for bicycling, horseback riding, and walking. Designated a National Recreation Trail in 2010.
  • Antebellum Trail - a trail rich in the Antebellum period architecture that highlights Athens, Belle Mina and Mooresville.
  • Ardmore Walking Tracks - One .25 miles (0.40 km) walking track is located in Ardmore Town Park on Park Avenue. The other .5 miles (0.80 km) track is locating in Ardmore's John Barns Park on Ardmore Ridge Road
  • Athens Greenway Walking Trail - This 3.3 miles (5.3 km) walking trail starts at the Athens SportsPlex goes by Athens High School and Athens Public Archery Range and continues to U.S. Highway 72 for an additional 1.2 miles (1.9 km)
  • Athens Historic Volksmarch - An American Volksport Association (AVA) sanctioned 10K (6.2 miles) walk.
  • Beaty Historic District Walking Tour "Step Back In Time" - walking tour of the Robert Beaty Historic District which was placed on the Registry of Historic Places in 1984.
  • Civil War Trail - Driving/walking trail highlighting the history of the Civil War in the greater Limestone County community.
  • The Glory Road - Driving tour of historic and community churches of Limestone County


  • Canebrake Club - membership
  • Chriswood Golf Course - community
  • Southern Gayles Golf Club - community


  • Limestone County Alabama offers access to the prime fishing waters of the Elk River, Tennessee River and Wheeler Lake.


  • Limestone Hunting Preserve & Sporting Clays offers deer, dove, quail, pheasant and chukar hunts and sporting clays.
  • Piney Creek Kennels and Hunting Preserve offers 100+ acres of dove and quail hunting land.
  • Swan Creek WMA - 8,870 acres of Alabama Department of Conservation managed area and includes a shooting range
  • Tennessee Valley Federal Property - 11,300 acres of regulated hunting land


  • February
    • Hospice Chili Challenge - last weekend
  • March
    • Polk Sallet Follies - second week, Thursday-Saturday
    • Home and Garden Show - second weekend
  • April
    • Athens Cruise In (April–September)
    • Saturday Historic Walking Tours - Athens & Mooresville—each Saturday
    • Cars and Bikes on the Square - last Saturday
    • Singing on the Square (April–September) - third Fridays
    • Earth Day Celebration - third Saturday
  • May
    • Athens-Limestone Relay for Life
    • Limestone Sheriff's Rodeo
    • Athens Bible School Homespun Arts and Crafts Show
  • June
    • Athens Lions Club Kiddie Carnival (last weekend in June to first weekend August)
  • July
    • Limestone County Week of Independence (last Saturday of June to first Saturday of July)
    • Firework Show
    • Ardmore Lions Club Tractor and Truck Pull - second weekend
    • CASA Mud Volleyball Tournament - third Saturday
    • Alabama Championship Tractor and Truck Pull - Tanner—last weekend
  • August
    • Ardmore Crape Myrtle Festival
    • Ardmore Police Reserve Rodeo
    • Piney Chapel American Farm Heritage Days
  • September
    • Athens Grease Festival
  • October
    • Tennessee Valley Old Time Fiddlers Convention - first full weekend
    • Wacky Quacky Ducky Derby - first full weekend
    • Athens Storytelling Festival - last weekend
  • November
    • Hilltop Arts Festival
    • Athens Christmas Open House
  • December
    • Athens Christmas Parade
    • Limestone County Tree Lighting (same night as Athens Parade)
    • Ardmore Christmas Parade
    • Elkmont Lions Club Christmas Parade
    • Sippin' Cider
    • Lincoln Bridgeforth Park Tree Lighting

Points of interest


  • Alabama Veterans Museum and Archives - honoring veterans and their families with displays of memorabilia from the Revolutionary War to the present.
  • College Inn/Newby Gulf Station Museum - This landmark was restored to look like a 1940s gas station. It has been featured in Southern Living photo spreads.
  • Donnell House - This historic landmark is the former home of Reverend Donnell and a significant site for the "Sack of Athens"
  • Houston Memorial Library and Museum - The cornerstone of the Houston Historic District, the building now houses a library and the county museum.
  • Limestone County Archives - Contains community and genealogical records for Limestone County.


  • Alabama Welcome Center - Just south of the Alabama/Tennessee border, this facility is home to a Saturn 1B rocket as well as war memorials for World War II, Korea and Vietnam.
  • Athens State University - A significant site for the "Sack of Athens". Founders Hall is the original structure of the university and is graced with 4 large pillars. Founders Hall also houses the New Testament Chapel containing life-size carvings depicting Christ and other New Testament figures.
  • Trinity School - Established by the American Missionary Association to educate the children of freed slaves.
  • Belle Chevre Creamery - Tour and sample fresh goat cheese in the heart of Elkmont
  • Humble Heart Farms - Choose from 4 themed tours about the farm and creamery.




Unincorporated communities


  • Limestone County School District operates public schools for students living in areas of Limestone County not incorporated in the Cities of Athens, Decatur, Huntsville, and/or Madison.
  • Athens City Schools - K-12 education for the city of Athens
  • Calhoun Community College - 2-year college located in the southern part of the county in Decatur
  • Athens State University - 2-year upper level university located in Athens

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Limestone (Alabama) para niños

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