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Jackson County, Alabama facts for kids

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Jackson County, Alabama
Map
Map of Alabama highlighting Jackson County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the USA highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded December 13, 1819
Seat Scottsboro
Largest City Scottsboro
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,127 sq mi (2,919 km²)
1,078 sq mi (2,792 km²)
49 sq mi (127 km²), 4.3%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

52,419
49/sq mi (19/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.jacksoncountyal.com
Named for: Andrew Jackson
 
  • County Number 39 on Alabama Licence Plates

Jackson County is the northeasternmost county in the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 53,227. The county seat is Scottsboro. It was named for Andrew Jackson, general in the United States Army and afterward President of the United States of America. Jackson County is a prohibition or dry county, however three cities within the county (Bridgeport, Scottsboro, and Stevenson) are wet.

Jackson County comprises the Scottsboro, AL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Chattanooga-Cleveland-Dalton, TN-GA-AL Combined Statistical Area.

History

Jackson County was established on December 13, 1819.

Geography

Jackson-County-AL-census-map
Map of Jackson County showing census subdivisions

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,127 square miles (2,920 km2), of which 1,078 square miles (2,790 km2) is land and 49 square miles (130 km2) (%) is water. It is the fifth-largest county in Alabama by total area. Much of it is located in the Appalachians.

Of special interest is Russell Cave National Monument, which is located in Doran Cove, approximately 5 miles west of the town of Bridgeport. Russell Cave is an important archaeological site that was excavated in 1956 by the Smithsonian Institution and the National Geographic Society. An article in the October 1956 issue of National Geographic Magazine proudly proclaims: "Life 8,000 Years Ago Uncovered in an Alabama Cave." The article was written by Carl F. Miller, the Expedition Leader and is on pages 542–558. Russell Cave was declared a National Monument in May 1961 by President John F. Kennedy. The Monument consists of 310 acres (1.3 km2) of land donated by the National Geographic Society.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Fern Cave National Wildlife Refuge
  • Russell Cave National Monument
  • Sauta Cave National Wildlife Refuge

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 8,751
1830 12,700 45.1%
1840 15,715 23.7%
1850 14,088 −10.4%
1860 18,283 29.8%
1870 19,410 6.2%
1880 25,114 29.4%
1890 28,026 11.6%
1900 30,508 8.9%
1910 32,918 7.9%
1920 35,864 8.9%
1930 36,881 2.8%
1940 41,802 13.3%
1950 38,998 −6.7%
1960 36,681 −5.9%
1970 39,202 6.9%
1980 51,407 31.1%
1990 47,796 −7.0%
2000 53,926 12.8%
2010 53,227 −1.3%
Est. 2015 52,419 −1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

As of the census of 2000, there were 53,926 people, 21,615 households, and 15,822 families residing in the county. The population density was 50 people per square mile (19/km2). There were 24,168 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.89% White(non-Hispanic), 3.74% Black or African American, 1.75% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 2.00% from two or more races. 1.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2000, the largest ancestry groups in Jackson County were English 69.1%, Scots-Irish 5.21%, Scottish 4.67%, and African 3.74%.

2010

According to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:

  • 92.6% White(non-Hispanic)
  • 2.1% Black
  • 1.4% Native American
  • 0.61% Asian
  • 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
  • 1.5% Two or more races
  • 1.4% Hispanic or Latino (of any race)

There were 21,615 households, out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.00% were married couples living together, 10.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.80% were non-families. Nearly 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47, and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,020, and the median income for a family was $38,082. Males had a median income of $29,777 versus $20,990 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,000. About 10.30% of families and 13.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.20% of those under age 18 and 21.00% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

County-Highway-98-Jackson-al1
County Road 98 in northern Jackson County

Major highways

  • US 72.svg U.S. Highway 72
  • Alabama 35.svg State Route 35
  • Alabama 40.svg State Route 40
  • Alabama 65.svg State Route 65
  • Alabama 71.svg State Route 71
  • Alabama 73.svg State Route 73
  • Alabama 79.svg State Route 79
  • Alabama 117.svg State Route 117
  • Alabama 146.svg State Route 146
  • Alabama 277.svg State Route 277
  • Alabama 279.svg State Route 279

Rail

  • CSX Transportation
  • Norfolk Southern Railway
  • Sequatchie Valley Railroad

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

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