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Arthur Cecil Pigou
A.C. Pigou.jpg
Born (1877-11-18)18 November 1877
Died 7 March 1959(1959-03-07) (aged 81)
Nationality Britain
Institution University of Cambridge
Field Welfare economics
School or
Neoclassical economics
Alma mater King's College, Cambridge
Influences Alfred Marshall, Henry Sidgwick
Contributions Externalities
Pigou effect
Pigovian tax
Awards 1899 Chancellor's Gold Medal
1903 Adam Smith Prize

Arthur Cecil Pigou ( 18 November 1877 – 7 March 1959) was an English economist. As a teacher and builder of the School of Economics at the University of Cambridge, he trained and influenced many Cambridge economists who went on to take chairs of economics around the world. His work covered various fields of economics, particularly welfare economics, but also included Business cycle theory, unemployment, public finance, index numbers, and measurement of national output. His reputation was affected adversely by influential economic writers who used his work as the basis on which to define their own opposing views. He reluctantly served on several public committees, including the Cunliffe Committee and the 1919 Royal Commission on Income tax.

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