Atlanta, Texas facts for kids

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Atlanta, Texas
City
Location of Atlanta, Texas
Location of Atlanta, Texas
Cass County Atlanta.svg
Country United States
State Texas
County Cass City Type: Rural/City
Area
 • Total 12.7 sq mi (32.8 km2)
 • Land 12.5 sq mi (32.4 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation 259 ft (79 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 5,675
 • Estimate (2013) 5,632
 • Density 450/sq mi (173.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 75551
Area code(s) 903
FIPS code 48-04516
GNIS feature ID 1372354
Website atlantatexas.org

Atlanta is a city in Cass County, northeastern Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 5,675.

History

Atlanta was established in 1871 with the building of the Texas and Pacific Railway and was named for Atlanta, Georgia, former home of many early settlers. This area of Texas had been settled by planters who brought enslaved African Americans with them to work the land. A post office was opened in 1871.

By 1885 the community had 1,500 residents, who had founded three white and two black churches, two schools, a bank, several sawmills, a number of general stores, and a weekly newspaper, the Citizens' Journal. Lumbering was the chief industry. The lumber boom reached its peak around 1890, when the population was 1,764. When the community was incorporated in 1929, it had 1,900 residents and 105 businesses.

The onset of the Great Depression in the 1930s forced many businesses to close, and in 1936 Atlanta had 85 rated businesses. The opening of the Rodessa oilfield in 1935, however, helped mitigate the worst effects of the Depression. By 1940 the town had modern canneries, lumber mills, wholesale houses, a brick plant, a hospital, and a population of 2,453. Subsequently, Atlanta grew steadily, topping the 4,000 mark for the first time in the early 1960s. In 1990 the population was 6,118. By 2000 the population had dropped to 5,745. Principal industries include farming, forestry, oil, and tourism.

Geography

Atlanta is located in eastern Cass County at 33°7′6″N 94°10′0″W / 33.11833°N 94.166667°W / 33.11833; -94.166667 (33.118228, -94.166537). It is bordered to the north by Queen City.

U.S. Route 59 bypasses the city to the west, leading north 25 miles (40 km) to Texarkana and southwest 14 miles (23 km) to Linden. Texas State Highway 77 passes through the southern side of the city, leading southeast 10 miles (16 km) to the Louisiana border and northwest 13 miles (21 km) to Douglassville. Texas State Highway 43 passes through the center of Atlanta and leads south 47 miles (76 km) to Marshall.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Atlanta has a total area of 12.7 square miles (32.8 km2), of which 12.5 square miles (32.4 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km2), or 1.19%, is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 396
1890 1,764 345.5%
1900 1,301 −26.2%
1910 1,604 23.3%
1920 1,469 −8.4%
1930 1,685 14.7%
1940 2,453 45.6%
1950 3,782 54.2%
1960 4,076 7.8%
1970 5,007 22.8%
1980 6,272 25.3%
1990 6,118 −2.5%
2000 5,745 −6.1%
2010 5,675 −1.2%
Est. 2015 5,605 −1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,745 people, 2,254 households, and 1,571 families residing in the city. The population density was 525.4 people per square mile (202.9/km²). There were 2,556 housing units at an average density of 233.8 per square mile (90.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.13% White, 29.23% African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, and 1.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.72% of the population.

There were 2,254 households, of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 18.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.3% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city, the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 83.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,188, and the median income for a family was $32,679. Males had a median income of $29,286 versus $19,715 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,013. About 19.0% of families and 23.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.4% of those under age 18 and 19.4% of those age 65 or over.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Atlanta has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


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