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Barber Peak
Tsé Naajin
Barber Peak (Navajo Volcanic Field, northwestern New Mexico, USA).jpg
West aspect
Highest point
Elevation 5,778 ft (1,761 m)
Prominence 308 ft (94 m)
Isolation 1.47 mi (2.37 km)
Parent peak Table Mesa (5,850 ft)
Geography
Location San Juan County, New Mexico, US
Parent range Chuska Mountains
Colorado Plateau
Topo map USGS Table Mesa
Geology
Age of rock Oligocene
Mountain type Volcanic plug
Type of rock Volcanic breccia
Climbing
First ascent 1981 by M. Dalen, D. Nordstrom
Easiest route Southeast gully, class 5.8+

Barber Peak is a 5,778-foot (1,761 meter) elevation volcanic plug located on Navajo Nation land in San Juan County of northwest New Mexico, United States. It is a prominent landmark set one-half mile east of U.S. Route 491, approximately 15 miles south of the community of Shiprock, New Mexico. Its nearest higher neighbor is Table Mesa, one mile to the west, and Cathedral Cliff is set 1.5 mile to the northwest. Barber Peak is one of the phreatomagmatic diatremes of the Four Corners area, and with significant relief as it rises 300 feet (90 meters) above the high-desert plain. It is situated about 11 miles (18 km) southeast of Shiprock, the most famous of these diatremes. Barber Peak is set in the northeastern part of the Navajo Volcanic Field, a volcanic field that includes intrusions and flows of minette and other unusual igneous rocks which formed around 30 million years ago during the Oligocene. In the Navajo language, this geographical feature is called Tsé Naajin, meaning "black downward rock."

Climate

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Barber Peak is located in a semi-arid climate zone with cold winters and hot summers. Precipitation runoff from this feature drains into the San Juan River drainage basin.

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