Bastrop, Louisiana facts for kids

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Bastrop, Louisiana
City
North Entrance, Bastrop, LA, City Hall IMG 2822.JPG
North entrance to Bastrop City Hall, designed by local architect Hugh G. Parker, Jr.
Motto: The City of Spirit, Pride, and Progress
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish Morehouse
Elevation 167 ft (50.9 m)
Coordinates 32°46′40″N 91°54′54″W / 32.77778°N 91.915°W / 32.77778; -91.915
Area 8.91 sq mi (23.1 km²)
 - land 8.91 sq mi (23 km²)
 - water 0.0 sq mi (0 km²), 0%
Population 11,365 (2010)
Density 1,277 /sq mi (493.1 /km²)
City Charter 1852
Government Mayor and Board of Aldermen/City Council
Mayor Arthur Jones (effective July 1, 2013)

Police Chief Allen Campbell
Fire Chief Eric Montgomery

Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 71220
Area code 318
Code 2 71221
Location of Bastrop in Louisiana
Locator Red.svg
Location of Bastrop in Louisiana
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States

Bastrop is the largest city in and the parish seat of Morehouse Parish, Louisiana. The population was 11,365 at the 2010 census, a decrease of 1,623 from the 12,988 tabulation of 2000. The population of Bastrop is 73 percent African American. It is the principal city of and is included in the Bastrop, Louisiana Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Monroe-Bastrop, Louisiana Combined Statistical Area.

History

Bastrop was founded by the Baron de Bastrop (born Felipe Enrique Neri), a Dutch businessman accused as an embezzler. He had fled to the then Spanish colony of Louisiana to escape prosecution, and became involved in various land deals. In New Spain, he falsely claimed to be a nobleman. He received a large grant of land, provided that he could settle 450 families on it over the next several years. However, he was unable to do this, and so lost the grant. Afterwards, he moved to Texas, where he claimed to oppose the sale of Louisiana to the United States, and became a minor government official. He proved instrumental in Moses Austin's plan (and later, that of his son, Stephen F. Austin) to bring American colonists to what was then northern Mexico.

Bastrop formally incorporated in 1857, and is the commercial and industrial center of Morehouse Parish. In the 19th century, it was notable as the western edge of the great north Louisiana swamp, but more favorable terrain resulted in the antebellum rail line connecting to Monroe, Louisiana, further to the south.

Bastrop was a Confederate stronghold during the American Civil War until January 1865, when 3,000 cavalrymen led by Colonel E.D. Osband of the Third U.S. Colored Cavalry, embarked from Memphis, Tennessee, for northeastern Louisiana. Landing first in southeastern Arkansas, Osband and his men began foraging for supplies into Louisiana and established headquarters at Bastrop. They brought in a large number of horses, mules, and Negroes, according to the historian John D. Winters in The Civil War in Louisiana. When Osband learned that Confederate Colonel A.J. McNeill was camped near Oak Ridge in Morehouse Parish with 800 men, he sent a brigade into the area. The Union troops found fewer than 60 Confederates, most of whom fled into the swamps, leaving behind horses and mules.*

During the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927, Bastrop was the site of a relief camp for refugees. During World War II, it was the site of German prisoner-of-war camp.

Morehouse Parish Courthouse, Bastrop, LA IMG 2803
Morehouse Parish Courthouse

Bastrop is also the parish seat of Morehouse Parish and is within an area marketed to tourists as the Sportsman's Paradise Region of Louisiana. It is a Main Street Community and has received Transportation Enhancement funding for improvements in its historic district.

Celebrations and concerts are held in the historic downtown at the restored 1914 Morehouse Parish Courthouse and Rose Theater. Bastrop is home to the Snyder Museum and Creative Arts Center, housed in the circa 1929 home of a local family. Volunteers lead heritage appreciation tours for children and interpret the history of the parish using local artifacts.

Geography

Bastrop is located at 32°46′40″N 91°54′54″W / 32.77778°N 91.915°W / 32.77778; -91.915 (32.777855, −91.914944). It is situated at the crossroads of U.S. Highway 425 and U.S. Highway 165. La. Highway 2 and Louisiana Highway 139 also runs through the town.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.9 square miles (23 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 481
1870 521 8.3%
1880 822 57.8%
1900 787
1910 854 8.5%
1920 1,216 42.4%
1930 5,121 321.1%
1940 6,626 29.4%
1950 12,769 92.7%
1960 15,193 19.0%
1970 14,713 −3.2%
1980 15,527 5.5%
1990 13,916 −10.4%
2000 12,988 −6.7%
2010 11,365 −12.5%
Est. 2015 10,713 −5.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the 2010 census Bastrop had a population of 11,365. The racial makeup of the population was 65% African-American, 30 % White, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% NativeAmerican, 0.2% from some other race and 1.1% reporting more than one race. 0.8% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the census of 2000, there were 12,988 people, 4,723 households, and 3,301 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,543.9 people per square mile (596.3/km²). There were 5,292 housing units at an average density of 629.1 per square mile (243.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 34.67% White, 64.50% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.04% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.69% of the population.

There were 4,723 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.0% were married couples living together, 28.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.25.

In the city, the population was spread out with 30.1% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 82.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,418, and the median income for a family was $26,250. Males had a median income of $30,477 versus $15,813 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,769. About 29.6% of families and 35.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.2% of those under age 18 and 30.5% of those age 65 or over.

National Guard

1023rd Engineer Company (Vertical) of the 528th Engineer Battalion of the 225th Engineer Brigade is located in Bastrop.

Gallery

Neighborhoods

Park Place

White Star

Gladney Park Estates

Morehouse Country Club Estates

Morehouse Country Club Extension Estates

Ralph George Park Estates

Downtown

Austin Village

Naff Estates

South Point

Hill View

Emily Clark Park Estates

Everglade Estates

Arrowhead Estates

Airport Estates

Cleveland Estates

Space Estates

Cooperlake Estates

Marlett Estates

Uptown Estates

United Estates

Rusty Acres Estates

Cherry Ridge Estates

Madison Place

Sugar Hill

Suburbs

Wardville

Uscarco

Shelton

Rogers

Point Pleasant

Perryville

Newhlock

Log Cabin

Collinston

Gum Ridge

Marcarco

Spyker

Upland

Windsor

Oak Ridge

Bordenax

Mer Rouge

Galion

Stampley

Bonita

Haynes Landing

Jones

Laark

McGinty

New Land Grove Landing

Oak Landing

Beekman

Vaughn

Stevenson

Robinson

Naff

Humphreys

Gedddie

Couters Neck

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