Battle of Leyte Gulf facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsBattle of Leyte Gulf
|Part of the Pacific War, World War II|
The light aircraft carrier USS Princeton afire, east of Luzon, 24 October 1944.
| United States
|Empire of Japan|
|Commanders and leaders|
| William Halsey, Jr
Thomas C. Kinkaid
| Takeo Kurita (Center Force)
Shōji Nishimura † (Southern Force)
Kiyohide Shima (Southern Force)
Jisaburō Ozawa (Northern Force)
Yukio Seki † (Kamikazes)
|8 fleet carriers
8 light carriers
18 escort carriers
141 destroyers and destroyer escorts
Many PT boats, submarines, and fleet auxiliaries
About 1,500 planes
|1 fleet carrier
3 light carriers
14 heavy cruisers
6 light cruisers
300+ planes (including land-based aircraft)
|Casualties and losses|
1 light aircraft carrier,
2 escort carriers,
1 destroyer escort sunk
1 fleet carrier,
3 light carriers
11 destroyers sunk
The Battle of Leyte Gulf, was the biggest naval battle in modern history. The battle was part of World War II, and happened in the seas near the Philippines island of Leyte. It took place from 23 October to 26 October 1944, between the Allies and the Empire of Japan. The Allies started the battle to cut the way between Japan and its colonies in South East Asia. Japan took its oil for fuel from that area. The Japanese gathered all the ships they had left to fight the Allied troops. However, they failed and lost many ships and aircraft.
The battle was the last big naval fight of World War II. Without fuel, the Imperial Japanese Navy never again sailed to battle. Most of their ships returned to Japan, and were inactive for the rest of the war.
The first use of kamikaze aircraft was during this battle. A kamikaze hit the Australian flagship HMAS Australia on 21 October. Many other suicide attacks by the "Special Attack Force" began on 25 October, and did great damage to the Allied ships.
Images for kids
A 60th-anniversary memorial ceremony in Palo, Leyte, Philippines, on 20 October 2004
Battle of Leyte Gulf Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.