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Bebeto
Bebeto brazil (cropped).jpg
Bebeto in 2010
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Rio de Janeiro
Assumed office
1 February 2011
Personal details
Born
José Roberto Gama de Oliveira

(1964-02-16) 16 February 1964 (age 60)
Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
Political party PODE (2017–present)
Other political
affiliations
  • PDT (2009–13; 2016–17)
  • SD (2013–16)
Height 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)
Spouse
Denise de Oliveira
(m. 1988)
Children 3, including Mattheus
Profession Former football player and coach
Bebeto
Personal information
Playing position Forward
Youth career
1981 Bahia
1981–1982 Vitória
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1982 Vitória (7)
1983–1989 Flamengo 80 (34)
1989–1992 Vasco da Gama 53 (28)
1992–1996 Deportivo de La Coruña 131 (86)
1996 Flamengo 15 (7)
1996–1997 Sevilla 5 (0)
1997 Vitória 8 (8)
1997 Cruzeiro 0 (0)
1998–1999 Botafogo 17 (9)
1999 Toros Neza 8 (2)
2000 Kashima Antlers 8 (1)
2000 Vitória 3 (0)
2001 Vasco da Gama 8 (2)
2002 Al-Ittihad 5 (1)
Total 341 (178)
National team
1996 Brazil Olympic (O.P.) 6 (6)
1985–1998 Brazil 75 (39)
Teams managed
2009–2010 America (RJ)
Honours
Men's Football
Representing  Brazil
FIFA World Cup
Winner 1994 USA
Runner-up 1998 France
FIFA Confederations Cup
Winner 1997 Saudi Arabia
Copa América
Winner 1989 Brazil
Olympic Games
Silver 1988 Seoul Team
Bronze 1996 Atlanta Team
FIFA U–20 World Cup
Winner 1983 Mexico
South American U-20 Championship
Winner 1983 Bolivia
  • Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).

José Roberto Gama de Oliveira (born 16 February 1964), known as Bebeto (Brazilian Portuguese: [beˈbɛtu]), is a Brazilian former professional football player who played as a forward. He entered politics in the 2010 Brazilian general elections and was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Rio de Janeiro representing the Democratic Labour Party.

With 39 goals in 75 appearances for Brazil, Bebeto is the sixth highest goalscorer for his national team. He was the top scorer for Brazil at the 1989 Copa América when they won the tournament. At the 1994 FIFA World Cup, he formed a formidable strike partnership with Romário to lead Brazil to a record fourth World Cup title. He was also a member of the Brazilian team that won the 1997 FIFA Confederations Cup, while he won Olympic silver and bronze medals with Brazil at the 1988 and 1996 Summer Olympic Games respectively. In 1989, Bebeto was named South American Footballer of the Year.

In January 2013 and August 2014, Bebeto was named as one of the six Ambassadors of the 2014 FIFA World Cup and Rio 2016 in Brazil, others being Ronaldo, Amarildo, Marta, Carlos Alberto Torres, Mário Zagallo.

Early career

Bebeto
Bebeto in 2009

Bebeto, who was born in Salvador, Bahia, started his career in 1983 with Vitória.

Club career

He played for Flamengo, Vasco da Gama, Cruzeiro and Botafogo in Brazil, Deportivo La Coruña and Sevilla in Spain, Toros Neza in Mexico, Kashima Antlers in Japan, and Al Ittihad in Saudi Arabia, finally retiring in 2002.

Deportivo La Coruña

Bebeto spent four years in Spain at Deportivo La Coruña, scoring an impressive 86 goals in 131 games. Bebeto became the top scorer in La Liga in his first season at Deportivo, scoring 29 goals in the 1992–93 season. In the next season, 1993–94 season, Deportivo had the chance to win their first ever La Liga title by beating Valencia in the last match of the season. In a very evenly matched contest Deportivo had a golden opportunity to seal the victory and thus the league title. They were given a penalty kick just minutes from the end. The official penalty taker all season had been Bebeto (after Donato, who wasn't in the field), who this time, refused to take the penalty. Eventually, Miroslav Đukić took the penalty and failed to score; hence, the match ended with a 0–0 draw, effectively handing Barcelona the title.

Later career

In 1996 Bebeto returned to play for native club Flamengo, but after just 15 games, Bebeto returned to Spain to play for Sevilla, for whom he never scored. In 1997, Bebeto joined Cruzeiro for just one match, the 1997 Intercontinental Cup final against Borussia Dortmund. Despite his presence, the Belo Horizonte side lost the match 2–0. Bebeto returned to goalscoring form at native clubs Vitória in late 1997 and Botafogo in early 1998, which saw him being picked for Brazil's World Cup defence in 1998.

In 2001, he was rejected by Scottish side St Mirren, who were willing to pay his wages but had reservations about his fitness. On 5 September 2002, he joined his final club at the age of 38, Al-Ittihad of Saudi Arabia, after pledging to join Vasco da Gama on 28 August.

International career

For Brazil, Bebeto scored 39 goals in 75 caps after making his debut in 1985. He played in three World Cups: 1990, 1994, and 1998. In 1994, he was one of the best players of the tournament, scoring three goals and providing two assists for the eventual champions, and then repeated the feat four years later as Brazil finished second to hosts France.

During the 1994 World Cup, Bebeto formed a formidable partnership with Romário, after they succeeded in putting their personal differences aside. Bebeto and Romário were fierce rivals in the Spanish League. Bebeto led the Spanish first division with 29 goals in 1992–93 and Romário led it with 30 goals in 1993–94. It was Romário who gave Bebeto the nickname Chorao, or Crybaby, for his habit of pouting to referees. It was also Romário who called a news conference before the World Cup to announce that he would not sit next to Bebeto on the team's flight to the United States. Today, however, Bebeto and Romario are friends, with Bebeto claiming that they talk often. In an interview in 2018, Bebeto praised his partnership with Romario: "I played with Romario only in the national team. We played only one game together at Flamengo before he left for Europe. Do you know that Brazil have never lost a game when Bebeto and Romario played together? Not a single game! Besides, every time we played together at least one of us scored."

Bebeto became a household name for his goal celebration in the 1994 World Cup in the United States. His wife had delivered their third child just days before a quarter-final match against the Netherlands in the scorching heat of Dallas. After scoring, Bebeto ran to the sideline, brought his arms together and began rocking an imaginary baby. Teammates Romário and Mazinho quickly joined in. That child, a boy who was named Mattheus, started his football career with the youth side of Brazilian club Flamengo.

He won a silver medal for Brazil in the 1988 Summer Olympics. He was later chosen to be an over-23 player at the 1996 Summer Olympics, scoring a hat-trick in the Bronze medal match against Portugal.

On 8 December 2012 a friendly match was played by Brazil Masters vs IFA All Stars at Salt Lake Stadium, Kolkata, India. Bebeto scored a goal for Brazil Masters as they defeated All Stars by 3–1.

Style of play

Regarded one of Brazil's greatest strikers, Bebeto was a prolific goalscorer and an excellent finisher, who was known for his consistency and determination throughout his career, although he was also injury-prone and was criticised for his character. Despite not being imposing physically due to his lack of height and slender physique, he was a fast and opportunistic player, who used his agility, offensive movement, and intelligence to lose his markers in tight spaces. Due to his vision, outstanding technical skills, close control on the ball, and his ability to play off other strikers and provide them with assists, he was often employed as a playmaking attacking midfielder or as a supporting striker early on in his career, drawing influence from Zico's playing style. He was later deployed as a striker or as a centre-forward, however, where he excelled, due to his eye for goal, and remained in this position for the rest of his career.

Coaching career

Bebeto was hired on 16 December 2009 as the América Football Club's head coach. After an average performance at the Taça Guanabara, he was sacked on 13 February 2010. He had a record of three wins, one draw and four losses.

Personal life

Bebeto is married to Denise Oliveira, who played volleyball for Flamengo in 1988, with whom he has two sons and one daughter, Stéphannie who is married to Carlos Eduardo. His son, Mattheus, is a professional footballer. Bebeto's brother-in-law, Luiz Fernando Petra, was murdered in 2002, during a federal deputy election in Rio de Janeiro.

Media

Bebeto features in EA Sports' FIFA video game series; he was on the cover of certain editions of FIFA 97.

Career statistics

Club

Appearances and goals by club, season and competition
Club Season League State league National cup Continental Other Total
Division Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
Flamengo 1983 Série A 2 0 2 0
1984 11 5 7 4 18 9
1985 22 9 22 9
1986 17 5 17 5
1987 14 6 14 6
1988 14 9 14 9
Total 80 34 7 4 87 38
Vasco da Gama 1989 Série A 12 6 12 6
1990 8 1 5 1 13 2
1991 8 3 8 3
1992 25 18 25 18
Total 53 28 5 1 58 29
Deportivo La Coruña 1992–93 La Liga 37 29 1 0 38 29
1993–94 34 16 1 0 4 3 39 19
1994–95 26 16 1 0 3 4 33 20
1995–96 34 25 2 0 5 6 2 1 43 32
Total 131 86 5 0 12 13 2 1 150 100
Flamengo 1996 Série A 15 7 15 7
Sevilla 1996–97 La Liga 5 0 0 0 5 0
Vitória 1997 Série A 8 8 8 8
Botafogo 1998 Série A 17 9 17 9
1999
Total 17 9 17 9
Toros Neza 1998–99 Primera División 8 2 8 2
Kashima Antlers 2000 J1 League 8 1 8 1
Vitória 2000 Série A 3 0 3 0
Vasco da Gama 2001 Série A 8 2 8 2
2002
Total 8 2 8 2
Al-Ittihad 2002–03 Saudi Premier League 5 1 5 1
Career total 341 178 5 0 24 18 2 1 372 197

International

Appearances and goals by national team and year
National team Year Apps Goals
Brazil 1985 6 0
1986 0 0
1987 0 0
1988 0 0
1989 18 10
1990 3 0
1991 5 0
1992 8 7
1993 9 7
1994 11 8
1995 2 2
1996 1 1
1997 3 1
1998 9 3
Total 75 39
Scores and results list Brazil's goal tally first, score column indicates score after each Bebeto goal.
List of international goals scored by Bebeto
No. Date Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
1 10 May 1989 Fortaleza, Brazil  Peru 4–1 Friendly
2 8 June 1989 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  Portugal 4–0 Friendly
3 1 July 1989 Salvador, Brazil  Venezuela 3–1 1989 Copa América
4 9 July 1989 Recife, Brazil  Paraguay 2–0 1989 Copa América
5
6 12 July 1989 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  Argentina 2–0 1989 Copa América
7 14 July 1989 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Paraguay Paraguay 3–0 1989 Copa América
8
9 30 July 1989 Caracas, Venezuela  Venezuela 4–0 1990 FIFA World Cup qualification
10
11 15 April 1992 Cuiabá, Brazil  Finland 3–1 Friendly
12
13 17 May 1992 London, England  England 1–1 Friendly
14 31 July 1992 Los Angeles, United States  Mexico 5–0 1992 Friendly Cup
15
16 2 August 1992 Los Angeles, United States  United States 1–0 1992 Friendly Cup
17 16 December 1992 Porto Alegre, Brazil  Germany 3–1 Friendly
18 14 July 1993 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Paraguay Paraguay 2–0 Friendly
19 1 August 1993 Pueblo Nuevo, Brazil Venezuela Venezuela 5–1 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification
20
21 15 August 1993 Montevideo, Uruguay  Uruguay 1–1 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification
22 22 August 1993 São Paulo, Brazil  Ecuador 2–0 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification
23 29 August 1993 Recife, Brazil  Bolivia 6–0 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification
24
25 23 March 1994 Recife, Brazil Argentina Argentina 2–0 Friendly
26
27 8 June 1994 San Diego, United States  Honduras 8–2 Friendly
28
29 12 June 1994 Fresno, United States  El Salvador 4–0 Friendly
30 24 June 1994 Palo Alto, United States  Cameroon 3–0 1994 FIFA World Cup
31 4 July 1994 Palo Alto, United States  United States 1–0 1994 FIFA World Cup
32 9 July 1994 Dallas, United States  Netherlands 3–2 1994 FIFA World Cup
33 22 February 1995 Fortaleza, Brazil  Slovakia 5–0 Friendly
34
35 24 April 1996 Johannesburg, South Africa  South Africa 3–2 Friendly
36 6 December 1997 Johannesburg, South Africa South Africa South Africa 2–1 Friendly
37 16 June 1998 Nantes, France  Morocco 3–0 1998 FIFA World Cup
38 23 June 1998 Marseille, France  Norway 1–2 1998 FIFA World Cup
39 3 July 1998 Nantes, France  Denmark 3–2 1998 FIFA World Cup

Honours

Flamengo

Vasco da Gama

  • Campeonato Brasileiro Série A: 1989
  • Taça Guanabara: 1990

Deportivo La Coruña

Botafogo

  • Torneio Rio-São Paulo: 1998

Kashima Antlers

Brazil U20

Brazil U23

Brazil

Individual

  • Campeonato Carioca top scorer: 1988, 1989
  • Copa América top scorer: 1989
  • South American Footballer of the Year: 1989
  • South American Team of the Year: 1989
  • Bola de Prata: 1992
  • Campeonato Brasileiro Série A top scorer: 1992
  • Pichichi Trophy: 1992–93
  • Olympic Games top scorer: 1996
  • Torneio Rio-São Paulo top scorer: 1999
  • World Soccer: The 100 Greatest Footballers of All Time
  • Brazilian Football Museum Hall of Fame

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Bebeto para niños

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