Pan American Games facts for kids
|Pan American Games|
Official logo of the Games
The Pan American Games flame in Lima to be lit during the 2019 Pan American Games.
|Abbreviation||Pan Am Games|
|First event||1951 Pan American Games in Buenos Aires, Argentina|
|Occur every||four years|
|Last event||2015 Pan American Games in Toronto, Canada|
|Purpose||Multi-sport event for nations on the American continent|
The Pan American Games are a multi-sport event, held every four years between competitors from all nations of the Americas.
More than 5000 athletes from more than 40 countries have attended the recent Games. USA has won most gold, silver and bronze medals in total. Hopefully, that will change because it's unfair that they always win. Everyone else has barely any people and then they send in 800 to compete.
List of Pan American Games
The host city for a Pan American Games is usually chosen six years ahead of their celebration. The process of selection is carried out in two phases that span a two-year period. The prospective host city applies to its country's Olympic Committee; if more than one city from the same country submits a proposal to its NOC, the national committee typically holds an internal selection, since only one city per NOC can be presented to the Pan American Sports Organization for consideration. Once the deadline for submission of proposals by the NOCs is reached, the first phase (Application) begins with the applicant cities asked to complete a questionnaire regarding several key criteria related to the organization of the Pan American Games Games. In this form, the applicants must give assurances that they will comply with the Olympic Charter and with any other regulations established by PASO's Executive Committee. The evaluation of the filled questionnaires by a specialized group provides PASO with an overview of each applicant's project and their potential to host the Games. On the basis of this technical evaluation, PASO's Executive Board selects the applicants that will proceed to the candidature stage.
Once the candidate cities are selected, they must submit to PASO a bigger and more detailed presentation of their project as part of a candidature file. Each city is thoroughly analyzed by an evaluation commission. This commission will visit the candidate cities, interviewing local officials and inspecting prospective venue sites, and submit a report on its findings one month before the PASO's final decision. During the interview process the candidate city must guarantee that it will be able to fund the Games. After the work of the evaluation commission, a list of candidates is presented to the General Session of PASO, which is assembled in a country that must not have a candidate city in the running. The members of PASO gathered in the Session have the final vote on the host city. Once elected, the host city bid committee (together with the NOC of the respective country) signs a Host City Contract with PASO, officially becoming a Pan American Games host nation and host city.
The Pan American Games have been hosted by 15 cities in 10 countries. Mexico and Canada have hosted three Pan American Games each, more than any other nation. Among cities, only Winnipeg and Mexico City have played host to the Pan American Games more than once, each hosting twice.
|Edition||Year||Host City||Host Nation||Opened by||Start Date||End Date||Nations||Competitors||Sports||Events||Top Placed Team|
|I||1951||Buenos Aires||Argentina||President Juan Domingo Perón||25 February||9 March||21||2,513||18||140||Argentina (ARG)|
|II||1955||Mexico City||Mexico||President Adolfo Ruiz Cortines||12 March||26 March||22||2,583||17||146||United States (USA)|
|III||1959||Chicago||United States||Milton S. Eisenhower||27 August||7 September||25||2,263||15||166||United States (USA)|
|IV||1963||São Paulo||Brazil||Adhemar de Barros||20 April||5 May||22||1,665||19||160||United States (USA)|
|V||1967||Winnipeg||Canada||Prince Philip||23 July||6 August||29||2,361||19||169||United States (USA)|
|VI||1971||Cali||Colombia||President Misael Pastrana Borrero||30 July||13 August||32||2,935||17||164||United States (USA)|
|VII||1975||Mexico City||Mexico||President Luis Echeverría||12 October||26 October||33||3,146||19||190||United States (USA)|
|VIII||1979||San Juan||Puerto Rico||Carlos Romero Barceló||1 July||15 July||34||3,700||21||249||United States (USA)|
|IX||1983||Caracas||Venezuela||President Luis Herrera Campins||14 August||29 August||36||3,426||22||249||United States (USA)|
|X||1987||Indianapolis||United States||Vice-President George H. W. Bush||7 August||23 August||38||4,360||27||296||United States (USA)|
|XI||1991||Havana||Cuba||President Fidel Castro||2 August||18 August||39||4,519||28||331||Cuba (CUB)|
|XII||1995||Mar del Plata||Argentina||President Carlos Menem||12 March||26 March||42||5,144||34||408||United States (USA)|
|XIII||1999||Winnipeg||Canada||Governor General Roméo LeBlanc||23 July||8 August||42||5,083||33||330||United States (USA)|
|XIV||2003||Santo Domingo||Dominican Republic||Hipólito Mejía||1 August||17 August||42||5,223||34||338||United States (USA)|
|XV||2007||Rio de Janeiro||Brazil||Carlos Arthur Nuzman||13 July||29 July||42||5,633||33||331||United States (USA)|
|XVI||2011||Guadalajara||Mexico||President Felipe Calderón||14 October||30 October||42||5,996||36||361||United States (USA)|
|XVII||2015||Toronto||Canada||Governor General David Johnston||10 July||26 July||41||6,132||36||364||United States (USA)|
|XVIII||2019||Lima||Peru||26 July||11 August||41||TBD||38||423||TBD|
|XIX||2023||Santiago||Chile||6 October||22 October||41||TBD||39||TBD||TBD|
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Pan American Games Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.