International Olympic Committee facts for kids

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International Olympic Committee
Comité International Olympique
Motto Citius, Altius, Fortius
(Latin: Faster, higher, stronger)
Formation 23 June 1894 (1894-06-23) (125 years ago)
Type Sports federation
Headquarters Lausanne, Switzerland
Membership 105 active members, 32 honorary members, 2 honour members (Senegal and United States)
Official languages English, French
and the host country's official language when necessary
Honorary President Dr. Jacques Rogge
President Dr. Thomas Bach
Vice Presidents Mr. Yu Zaiqing
Mr. J.A. Samaranch
Prof. Dr. Uğur Erdener
Ms. Anita DeFrantz
Website www.olympic.org

The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is the supreme authority of the worldwide Olympic movement. Based in Lausanne, Switzerland, IOC is a non-profit independent international organisation made up of volunteers, which is committed to building a better world through sport. It redistributes more than 90 percent of its income to the wider sporting movement, which means that every day the equivalent of US$ 3.4 million goes to help athletes and sports organisations at all levels around the world. Its mission is enshrined in the Olympic Charter: to support the development of competitive sport by ethical and environmentally sustainable means.

History

The IOC was created by Pierre de Coubertin, on 23 June 1894 with Demetrios Vikelas as its first president. As of June 2017, its membership consists of 95 active members, 41 honorary members, an honorary president (Jacques Rogge) and one honour member (Henry Kissinger). The IOC is the supreme authority of the worldwide modern Olympic movement.

Mission and roles

he stated mission of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) is to promote Olympic throughout the world and to lead the Olympic Movement.

  • To encourage and support the organisation, development and coordination of sport and sports competitions
  • To ensure the regular celebration of the Olympic Games
  • To cooperate with the competent public or private organisations and authorities in the endeavour to place sport at the service of humanity and thereby to promote peace
  • To act against any form of discrimination affecting the Olympic Movement
  • To encourage and support the promotion of women in sport at all levels and in all structures with a view to implementing the principle of equality of men and women

Presidents

  • Demetrius Vikelas (1894–1896)
  • Pierre de Coubertin (1896–1925)
  • Henri de Baillet-Latour (1925–1942)
  • Sigfrid Edström (1942–1952)
  • Avery Brundage (1952–1972)
  • Lord Killanin (1972–1980)
  • Juan Antonio Samaranch (1980–2001)
  • Jacques Rogge (2001–2013)
  • Thomas Bach (2013-present)

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International Olympic Committee Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.