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Bluff
Queensland
Population 370 (2011 census)
Postcode(s) 4702
Location
LGA(s) Central Highlands Region
State electorate(s) Gregory
Federal Division(s) Flynn

Bluff is both a town and a locality in the Central Highlands Region, in Central Queensland, Australia. At the 2011 census, Bluff had a population of 370.

Geography

The town is located on the Capricorn Highway, 804 kilometres (500 mi) north west of the state capital, Brisbane.

Bluff's location between some of Queensland's largest coal mines and the port of Gladstone has led to it becoming a major interchange station for large coal trains, some up to two kilometres long.

History

Based on artefacts found on the nearby Blackdown Tableland National Park, Aboriginal people lived in this area for thousands of years.

The first European settlement occurred in the district in the 1860s as early pastoralists moved to the area.

The district was originally called Duckworth or Duckworth Creek, but in 1877 the name was changed to Bluff to match the name of the railway station. The Bluff name was derived from a local hill known as Arthur's Bluff.

Duckworth Post Office opened by September 1906 (a receiving office had been open from late 1905) and was renamed Bluff in 1907.

Duckworth Provisional School was established in January 1907 and opened in June 1907. However, the local people disliked the name Duckworth and a few months later, the name was changed to Bluff or Bluff Colliery Provisional School. On 1 January 1909, it became Bluff State School.

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