kids encyclopedia robot

Bottchers Gap facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Bottchers Gap
Bottchers Gap view south.jpg
Ventana Wilderness from Bottchers Gap
Location Monterey County, California
Coordinates 36°21′14″N 121°48′49″W / 36.3538516°N 121.8135641°W / 36.3538516; -121.8135641
Elevation 2,060 feet (630 m)
Type Trailhead, day use, campground
Land Los Padres National Forest/Ventana Wilderness
Campsites 12
Facilities Fire rings, restroom, picnic tables, BBQ grills
Water None
Fee $20 campsite; $10 parking day use
Fires During fire season, permit required
Season Year round (currently closed)
Established 1951
Website Bottchers Gap Campround

Bottchers Gap (sometimes spelled Bottcher's Gap) (closed as of September 2016) is a day use area, campground, and trail head. It is located 7.6 miles (12.2 km) from the Big Sur Coast Highway at the end of Palo Colorado Road on the northern border of the Los Padres National Forest and Ventana Wilderness. It is located between Mescal Ridge and Skinner Ridge. From Bottchers Gap, there is an 3.3 miles (5.3 km) long private access road that leads to Camp Pico Blanco. Beginning at Bottchers Gap, it is a difficult 14.7 miles (23.7 km) hike via the Skinner Ridge and Ventana Double Cone trails to the Ventana Double Cone, making it one of the more distant locations in the wilderness.

History

Native Americans

The area was first occupied by the Esselen indigenous people, who harvested acorns on the nearby mountain slopes. The area terrain is mostly steep, rocky, semi-arid except for the narrow canyons, and inaccessible, making long-term habitation a challenge. A large boulder with a dozen or more deep mortar bowls worn into it, known as a bedrock mortar, is located in Apple Tree Camp on Turner Creek, southwest of Devil's Peak and 3.2 miles (5.1 km) northeast of Bottchers Gap. The holes were hollowed out over many generations by Indians who used it to grind the acorns into flour. Much of the native Indian population had been forced into the Spanish mission system by about 1822, when most of the interior villages within the current Los Padres National Forest were uninhabited.

Homestead

The camp is named for former homesteader John Gottfried Boettcher, a German immigrant who lived in a cabin on the site with his wife Pauline around 1885–90. He obtained two patents, one in 1888 for 160 acres (65 ha), and a second in 1890 for 120 acres (49 ha). Skinner Ridge and Skinner Creek are named for Benjamin R. Skinner, who homesteaded the land with his wife Adeline and obtained a patent in 1890 to 160 acres northwest of Bottcher's land. Turner Creek, north of Skinner's homestead, was homesteaded by George C. Turner in 1890. After filing a patent for a homestead, the settler had complete ownership after residing on the property for five years or after six months with payment of $1.50 per acre.

Guard Station

On July 23, 1948, the Monterey Bay Area Council purchased 1,445 acres (585 ha) on the North Fork of the Little Sur River from the Hearst Sunical Land and Packing Company for $20,000. The Palo Colorado Road ended at that time at a location locally known as the Hoist. The name came about because of the very steep road which during the turn of the century required wagon-loads of tanbark and lumber to be hoisted by block and tackle hitched to oxen. The old block and tackle is still chained to a massive log beam, now used to support mailboxes and labeled "The Hoist." The council contacted nearby Fort Ord and contracted with the United States Army Corps of Engineers to extend the road 3.4 miles (5.5 km) to Bottchers Gap and an additional 3.3 miles (5.3 km) to the North Fork of the Little Sur River and future site of Camp Pico Blanco. The Monterey Boy Scout Council spent about $200,000 (or about $2,488,000 today) to extend the road to Bottchers Gap and into the camp area. The road to the Boy Scout camp traverses extremely steep terrain, necessitating four narrow switchbacks. The entire road into the central camp area was completed in the summer of 1951.

The USFS Bottchers Gap Guard Station was built in 1950 along with the Double Cone Trail. The Bottchers Gap Forest Patrolman took supplies twice monthly by pack mules to the forest fire lookout on the Ventana Double Cone during the summer fire lookout season. The patrolman and the mule train usually spent one night of the trip at the old Comings Cabin.

Geology

Bottcher's Gap sits in a notch between Mescal Ridge and Skinner Ridge formed by the Palo Colorado fault where it crosses the ridge. The east side of the fault in the gap is primarily an upthrown block of quartz diorite, while the west side of the fault is composed mostly of metamorphic rocks including schist and gneiss. The fault-formed north fork of Little Sur River is located to the southeast, and the river flows along the fault for about 1 mile (1.6 km) before turning west towards the coast.

Facilities

BottchersGap
Map of two land patents granted to John Bottcher in 1888 and 1890, the namesake of Bottchers Gap.

The campground is at 2,060 feet (630 m) elevation in a saddle between two ridges among oaks and Madrone trees. There are 12 campsites with fire rings. The camp is managed by Camp One parks management company. A campground manager is usually hired to live on site. No reservations are required. Camp One charges a $20.00 per night per single family site for up to 6 people and 1 vehicle, $10.00 per extra person per night, and $10.00 extra vehicle charge (up to 2) per night. The day use fee is $10.00 per vehicle. Camp One more than doubled fees when they won the contract to manage the campground. In 2013, the camping fee was $5 for parking and day use.

There used to be a water system fed by a tank uphill of the campground. The system was not maintained and is no longer usable. Visitors must bring their own water. There are good views of the Ventana Double Cone and Pico Blanco in the Santa Lucia Range to the south. The Skinner Ridge Trailhead (#1E04) is on the north side of the campground. The trail crosses over Devil's Peak and through Big Pines, Pat Springs, Little Pines, and Lone Pine camps. The entrance to Palo Colorado Road is 11.4 miles (18.3 km) south of Rio Road in Carmel Valley, California.

Closure

The campground was closed when the Soberanes Fire was started by campers who left a fire untended on July 22, 2016. The fire burned through Palo Colorado Canyon in less than two days, destroying 57 homes and 11 outbuildings in the Garrapata and Palo Colorado Canyon areas. The following winter Rocky Creek washed out the road, and additional slides and slip outs closed the road. Monterey County states that it does not have the funds to repair the road.


This article contains text in the public domain from U.S. Government publications and web sites.

kids search engine
Bottchers Gap Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.