Buckeye, Arizona facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
|City of Buckeye|
Historic downtown Buckeye as seen from Monroe Avenue in October 2015
Location of Buckeye in Maricopa County, Arizona
|• Total||393.16 sq mi (1,018.29 km2)|
|• Land||392.99 sq mi (1,017.83 km2)|
|• Water||0.18 sq mi (0.45 km2)|
|Elevation||869 ft (265 m)|
|• Density||232.84/sq mi (89.90/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−7 (MST (no DST))|
|Area code(s)||623, 602, 480, 928|
|GNIS feature ID||2081|
Buckeye is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States and is the westernmost suburb in the Phoenix metropolitan area. The US Census estimates the population to be 79,620 as of 2019. It was the fastest-growing city in the United States for both 2017 and 2018.
Early settler Malin M. Jackson developed 10 miles (16 km) of the Buckeye Canal from 1884 to 1886, which he named after his home state of Ohio's moniker, "The Buckeye State". The town was founded in 1888 and originally named "Sidney," after Jackson's home town in Ohio. However, because of the significance of the canal, the town became known as Buckeye. The name was legally changed to Buckeye in 1910. The town was incorporated in 1929, at which time it included 440 acres (180 ha). The town's first mayor was Hugh M. Watson (1956-1958), who founded the Buckeye Valley Bank. Today, Watson Road is the site of the city's commercial center.
In 2008, Buckeye was featured on The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer as part of a week-long series entitled "Blueprint America."
In 2013, a video featuring a Verrado High School student who overcame Down's Syndrome to join the school's cheerleading squad, and using the Katy Perry song "Roar", was selected as a finalist in a Good Morning America contest.
A vote to change the town into the City of Buckeye, which now encompasses over 600 square miles (1,600 km2) in the master plan, became effective January 1, 2014.
Buckeye is located approximately 30 miles (48 km) west of downtown Phoenix.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 145.8 square miles (377.6 km2), all of it land.
The original Buckeye was built around downtown's main street, Monroe Avenue. There are currently nearly 30 master planned communities planned for Buckeye. Such master planned communities under development in which homes are occupied include Riata West, Sundance, Verrado, Westpark, Tartesso and Festival Ranch.
Other unbuilt planned communities within Buckeye include Douglas Ranch (planned for nearly 300,000 inhabitants), Sun Valley Villages, Spurlock Ranch, Trillium, Elianto, Westwind, Silver Rock, Sienna Hills, Henry Park, Southwest Ranch and Montierre.
Sundance Towne Center, a shopping center developed by Vestar Development in the Sundance community, opened in 2007.
Buckeye has a hot desert climate (Köppen BWh), with abundant sunshine due to the stable descending air of the eastern side of the subtropical anticyclone aloft and at sea level over the southwestern US. Summers, as with all of the Desert Southwest, are extremely hot, with 121.0 afternoons reaching 100 °F or 37.8 °C and 181.6 afternoons getting to 90 °F or 32.2 °C. The record hot temperature of 125 °F (51.7 °C) occurred on July 28, 1995, and temperatures above 86 °F or 30 °C may occur in any month. Less hot weather may occasionally occur during summer, but such periods are no less unpleasant as they result from monsoonal weather with its attendant higher cloudiness and humidity; however actual rainfall from the monsoon is much more infrequent than in Flagstaff, Nogales or even Tucson. The heaviest daily rainfall has been 4.90 inches (124.5 mm) on September 2, 1894, but between 1971 and 2000 no month had more rainfall than 4.52 inches or 114.8 millimetres in December 1984.
The winter season from November to March is warm to very warm during the day, with no month cooler than 68 °F or 20 °C during a typical afternoon, but 20.2 mornings typically fall to or below 32 °F or 0 °C, though no snowfall was recorded during the 1971 to 2000 period, and only twelve afternoons did not reach 50 °F or 10 °C. The coldest temeprature recorded in Buckeye was 11 °F or −11.7 °C on January 8, 1913.
|Climate data for Buckeye, Arizona (1971-2000); extremes 1893-2001|
|Record high °F (°C)||100
|Average high °F (°C)||68.3
|Average low °F (°C)||36.7
|Record low °F (°C)||11
|Rainfall inches (mm)||0.80
|Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch)||3.4||3.1||4.0||1.5||0.8||0.4||2.0||4.1||2.4||2.3||1.9||3.1||29|
|Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
Buckeye first appeared on the 1910 U.S. Census as a precinct of Maricopa County. It appeared again in 1920 as the 48th precinct of Maricopa County (Buckeye). It incorporated as a town in 1929 and has appeared on every successive census. On January 1, 2014, Buckeye was upgraded to city status.
In 2015, the population of the city was 62,582 people living in 21,628 households.
As of the census of 2010, there were 50,876 people residing in 16,499 households in the city. The population density was 135.6 people per square mile (17.3/km2). There were 18,207 housing units. 10.8% of the population were born overseas.
In terms of age brackets, the population was spread out, with 9.1% under the age of 5; 30.6% under the age of 18; 53% aged between 18 and 64 and 6.7% were 65 years of age or older. 45.4% percent of the population are women.
From 2012 to 2016, the median income for a household in the town was $58,711. The per capita income for the town was $20,446. Both of these numbers are in 2016 dollars. About 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line.
Parks and recreation
A popular recreation destination in Buckeye is the Buckeye Hills Recreation Area. It is located 7 miles (11 km) south of downtown Buckeye on State Route 85 (at mile marker 144). A 900-acre (3.6 km2) Buckeye Lake is planned. The City of Buckeye's Skyline Regional Park is an 8,700 acre mountain preserve located in the southern White Tank Mountains. The park features 8 miles of trails for hikers, mountain bikers and equestrians, picnic areas and camping. Entry to the park is free. By the end of September 2016, 9 additional miles of trails will be constructed for a total of 17 miles of trails.
Gallery of historic properties and structures
The Old Courthouse and Jail was built in 1912. It was later used as a hospital, grade school auxiliary building, library, and food bank. The Buckeye Valley Food Bank was founded by Hugh M. Watson, Buckeye's first mayor. Listed as historical by the Buckeye Valley Historical and Archaeological Society.
The marker of the historic Gillespie Dam Bridge. The historic Gillespie Dam Bridge was built in 1927 over the Gila River and is located on Old Highway 80 north of Gila Bend and south of Arlington between the Buckeye Hills and the Gila Bend Mountains in Maricopa County. The bridge was at the time the longest highway bridge in the state of Arizona. The bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1981.
The historic Hassayampa Bridge. The bridge was built in 1929 and was modified and repaired in 1993. The bridge, which is described as a Concrete slab and girder, is located in the Old U.S. Highway Route 80 over the Hassayampa River between Salome Highway and 309 Ave. in the areas of Hassayampa and Arlington within the boundaries of the town of Buckeye. The bridge was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in September 30, 1988, reference #88001658.
"Hobo Joe" was made in 1965 and is located in front of Gillums Meat & Locker Co. at 1015 East Monroe Avenue. There is a dispute as to if the sculptor is a person called Jim Casey or Marvin Ransdell. Both men are no longer living and therefore the true identity of the sculptor is unknown and remains a mystery. The 25 foot tall statue is a landmark in Buckeye
The City of Buckeye is served by the following school districts:
- Buckeye Elementary School District
- Agua Fria Union High School District
- Liberty Elementary School District
- Buckeye Union High School District
- Wickenburg Unified School District
- The Odyssey Preparatory Academy
- Litchfield Elementary School District
- Saddle Mountain Unified School District #90
Estrella Mountain Community College recently renovated the original historic Buckeye Union High School building on Eason Avenue near 9th Street, also known as the "A" Wing, and started holding classes in this new satellite facility in the fall of 2011. Named the Buckeye Educational Center, this facility provides academic courses, job training programs and community education classes.
Buckeye is served by five highways, a municipal airport, several nearby airports, and the railroad.
Major roadways serving the city include:
- Interstate 10
- SR 85
- Sun Valley Parkway
- Maricopa County (MC) 85
Buckeye is served by Valley Metro via a rural bus line connecting Phoenix–Goodyear–Gila Bend–Ajo. Valley Metro also provides express commute service from Buckeye to downtown Phoenix.
In 1910, the Arizona Eastern Railroad came to Buckeye; the first car in 1911; a steam rail line connected it to Phoenix by 1912; and a state highway by 1915. The coming of the railroad was so significant that the business district was moved to accommodate the location of the railroad station. As a result, Buckeye was booming. By 1912, major buildings were constructed, along with expansion of the business community.
Union Pacific operates a rail line running east–west generally through the center of the city.
The Buckeye Municipal Airport (ICAO identifier KBXK) is owned and operated by the city government.
- Kole Calhoun, Arizona Diamondbacks outfielder (2012–present)
- Upton Sinclair (1878–1968), author
Images for kids
The Buckeye Union High School A-Wing is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
In Spanish: Buckeye (Arizona) para niños
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