Maricopa County, Arizona facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
|County of Maricopa|
The Maricopa County Courthouse and Old Phoenix City Hall, also known as the County-City Administration Building, in 2013
Location within the U.S. state of Arizona
Arizona's location within the U.S.
|Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 610: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).|
|Founded||February 14, 1871|
|Named for||Maricopa people|
|• Total||9,224 sq mi (23,890 km2)|
|• Land||9,200 sq mi (24,000 km2)|
|• Water||24 sq mi (60 km2) 0.3%|
|• Density||479.246/sq mi (185.038/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−7 (Mountain)|
|Congressional districts||1st, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th|
Maricopa County is located in the south-central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2020 census, the county’s population was 4,420,568, making it the state's most populous county, and the fourth-most populous in the United States. It contains about 62% of Arizona's population, making Arizona one of the most centralized states in the nation. The county seat is Phoenix, the state capital and fifth-most populous city in the United States.
Maricopa County is the central county of the Phoenix-Mesa-Chandler, AZ Metropolitan Statistical Area. The Office of Management and Budget renamed the metropolitan area in September 2018. Previously, it was the Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale metropolitan area, and in 2000, that was changed to Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale.
Maricopa County was named after the Maricopa Native Americans. Five Native American Reservations are located in the county. The largest are the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community (east of Scottsdale) and the Gila River Indian Community (south of Chandler).
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 9,224 square miles (23,890 km2), of which 9,200 square miles (24,000 km2) is land and 24 square miles (62 km2) (0.3%) is water. Maricopa County is also one of the largest counties in the United States by area having a land area greater than that of seven states. It is by far Arizona's most populous county, encompassing well over half of the state's residents. It is also the largest county in the United States to contain a capital city.
- La Paz County - west
- Yuma County - west
- Pima County - south
- Pinal County - southeast
- Gila County - east
- Yavapai County - north
National protected areas
- Sonoran Desert National Monument (part)
- Tonto National Forest (part)
|U.S. Decennial Census
Racial and ethnic composition since 1960
|Black or African American||5.9%||5.0%||3.7%||3.4%||3.1%||3.3%||3.7%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||30.6%||29.6%||24.8%||16.2%||13.1%||14.5%||-|
As of the 2010 census, 3,817,117 people, 1,411,583 households, and 932,814 families were living in the county. The population density was 414.9/sq mi (160.2/km2). The 1,639,279 housing units averaged 178.2/sq mi (68.8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 73.0% white (58.7% non-Hispanic white), 5.0% African American, 3.5% Asian, 2.1% American Indian, 0.2% Pacific islander, 12.8% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 29.6% of the population. The largest ancestry groups were:
Of the 1,411,583 households, 35.1% had children under 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.9% were not families, and 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.25. The median age was 34.6 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $55,054 and the median income for a family was $65,438. Males had a median income of $45,799 versus $37,601 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,816. About 10.0% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.8% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.
According to data provided by the United States Census Bureau in October 2015 and collected from 2009 to 2013, 73.72% of the population aged five years and over spoke only English at home, while 20.32% spoke Spanish, 0.56% spoke Chinese, 0.47% Vietnamese, 0.41% Tagalog, 0.37% Arabic, 0.36% German, 0.30% French, 0.25% Navajo, 0.21% Korean, 0.20% Hindi, 0.15% Italian, 0.14% Persian, 0.13% Russian, 0.13% Serbo-Croatian, 0.12% Telugu, 0.12% Polish, 0.11% Syriac, 0.11% Japanese, 0.11% spoke Romanian, and 0.10% spoke other Native North American languages at home.
In 2010 statistics, the largest religious group in Maricopa County was the Diocese of Phoenix, with 519,950 Catholics worshipping at 99 parishes, followed by 242,732 LDS Mormons with 503 congregations, 213,640 non-denominational adherents with 309 congregations, 93,252 AG Pentecostals with 120 congregations, 73,207 SBC Baptists with 149 congregations, 35,804 Christian churches and churches of Christ Christians with 29 congregations, 30,014 ELCA Lutherans with 47 congregations, 28,634 UMC Methodists with 55 congregations, 18,408 LCMS Lutherans with 34 congregations, and 15,001 PC-USA Presbyterians with 42 congregations. Altogether, 39.1% of the population was claimed as members by religious congregations, although members of historically African-American denominations were underrepresented due to incomplete information. In 2014, the county had 1,177 religious organizations, the fifth most out of all US counties.
The county is served by three interstates (Interstate 8, Interstate 10, and Interstate 17), one U.S. Highway (US 60), and several state highways (SR 51, SR 74, SR 85, SR 87, SR 143, Loop 101, Loop 202, and Loop 303).
In the area of rail transport, the region is also served by Phoenix's light rail system. The county has no other passenger rail transport as Amtrak's Sunset Limited, which once served Phoenix, has its closest stop in Maricopa, Arizona in neighboring Pinal County. The train connects Maricopa to Tucson, Los Angeles, and New Orleans three times a week. However it does not stop in Phoenix itself.
Phoenix's major airport is Sky Harbor International Airport. Other airports that are also used are Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport in Mesa, Scottsdale Municipal Airport in Scottsdale, Deer Valley Airport, Phoenix Goodyear Airport in Goodyear and Buckeye Municipal Airport in Buckeye.
- Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation
- Gila River Indian Community
- Salt River Pima–Maricopa Indian Community
- Tohono O'odham Indian Reservation
County population ranking
The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Maricopa County.
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Population (2010 Census)||Municipal type||Incorporated|
|8||Peoria (partially in Yavapai County)||154,065||City||1954|
|15||Queen Creek (partially in Pinal County)||26,361||Town||1990|
|16||Sun City West||24,535||CDP|
In 2019, the largest employers in Maricopa County were:
|#||Employer||# of employees|
|2||State of Arizona||23,950|
|4||Frys Food Stores||15,170|
|7||City of Phoenix||12,190|
|9||Arizona State University||10,950|
|11||JPMorgan Chase Bank National Association||9,310|
|12||Bank of America||9,180|
|15||Mesa Unified School District 4||8,500|
|17||United States Department of the Air Force||7,720|
|19||State Farm Insurance||7,420|
|20||United States Postal Service||7,260|
According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, in 2019 the employment of Maricopa County in the following sectors was:
|Sector||Number of jobs||Percent||National percent|
|Health care and social assistance||312,385||11.2%||11.3%|
|Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services||249,786||9.0%||6.2%|
|Finance and insurance||226,934||8.2%||5.4%|
|Accommodation and food services||204,917||7.4%||7.5%|
|Professional, scientific, and technical services||200,508||7.2%||7.2%|
|Real estate and rental and leasing||169,363||6.1%||4.8%|
|Other services (except government)||140,788||5.1%||5.8%|
|Transportation and warehousing||134,151||4.8%||4.5%|
|Arts, entertainment, and recreation||64,117||2.3%||2.4%|
|Management of companies and enterprises||35,917||1.7%||1.4%|
|Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction||5,356||0.2%||0.6%|
|Forestry, fishing, and related activities||2,994||0.1%||0.5%|
- Maricopa County Library District operates the county libraries in Maricopa County.
- The Maricopa County School Superintendent is charged with the general conduct and supervision of the public school system in Maricopa County. The Superintendent is one of six county-wide elected officials, elected by the voters of Maricopa County every four years. Since the inception of the office, there have been thirteen Maricopa County School Superintendents. The incumbent, Steve Watson, took office January 1, 2017.
Maricopa County, Arizona Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.