kids encyclopedia robot

Glendale, Arizona facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Glendale, Arizona
Downtown Glendale, Arizona as viewed from the intersections of Glendale Ave. and 58th Ave.
Downtown Glendale, Arizona as viewed from the intersections of Glendale Ave. and 58th Ave.
Official seal of Glendale, Arizona
Seal
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Country United States
State Arizona
County Maricopa
Area
 • Total 55.8 sq mi (144.4 km2)
 • Land 55.7 sq mi (144.2 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation
1,152 ft (351 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 226,721
 • Estimate 
(2015)
240,126
 • Rank US: 89th
 • Density 4,063.1/sq mi (1,570.1/km2)
Demonym(s) Glendalian
Time zone UTC-7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP code
85301-85318
Area code(s) 623 and 602
FIPS code 04-27820

Glendale is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, located about nine miles (14 km) northwest from Downtown Phoenix. According to the 2010 census, the population of the city is 226,721.

History

In the late 1800s what is now known as Glendale, Arizona, was all desert. William John Murphy, a native of New Hartford, New York who resided in the town of Flagstaff in what was then known as the territory of Arizona, was in charge of building a 40-mile long Arizona Canal from Granite Reef to New River for the Arizona Canal Company. He completed the canal, which would bring water to the desert land, in 1885. Murphy was deep in debt, since he had agreed to be paid in Arizona Canal Company stock and bonds and land instead of cash.

William John Murphy
William John Murphy - Founder of Glendale

In 1887, Murphy formed the Arizona Improvement Company. His objective was to sell the land and water rights south of the canal. Murphy had to raise capital from out of state sources in order to meet payroll and construction expenses. Murphy decided to refer to this land as "Glendale". In order to develop and interest potential investors and settlers in this new town, Murphy decided to provide a better way of access from Phoenix to Glendale and ending in the town of Peoria by building an 18 mile long diagonal road which he named Grand Avenue.

In 1891, Burgess Hadsell worked with Murphy to bring 70 Brethren and River Brethren families to Glendale to form a temperance colony. Soon settlers, attracted by the town's ban on alcoholic beverages, continued to arrive. In 1895, Murphy platted the original town site and amended the plat to include a town park and some business lots. It was bounded by Lamar Road on the south, 55th Avenue on the east, Myrtle Avenue on the north, and 59th Avenue on the west. The construction of a railroad from Prescott to Phoenix was made possible with an exchange of the right-of-way made by Murphy along Grand Avenue. The railroad allowed Glendale settlers to transport goods to the north and easily receive building materials.

The construction and commercial applications of the Beet Sugar Factory in 1906, also contributed to the growth of Glendale. Though the operations of the factory only lasted until 1913, it played an important role in the increase of immigrant and migrant settlers in the city.

Arizona's Antique Capital

Glendale bills itself as "Arizona's Antique Capital", with support for its claim from both Sunset magazine (2004) and a 1998 article in USA Today. Glendale is home to the popular Arrowhead Towne Center mall in the northwest part of the city. Glendale also is home to Midwestern University, metropolitan Phoenix's first medical school, as well as a major post-graduate international business school: the Thunderbird School of Global Management.

An extension of Valley Metro Rail service is planned to serve the city, opening in 2026, reprising a role played by the Phoenix Street Railway between 1911 and 1926.

Geography

Glendale is located at 33°32′19″N 112°11′11″W / 33.53861°N 112.18639°W / 33.53861; -112.18639 (33.538654, -112.186261).

Climate

Climate data for Phoenix Int'l, Arizona (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1895–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 88
(31.1)
92
(33.3)
100
(37.8)
105
(40.6)
114
(45.6)
122
(50)
121
(49.4)
117
(47.2)
116
(46.7)
107
(41.7)
96
(35.6)
87
(30.6)
122
(50)
Average high °F (°C) 67.2
(19.56)
70.7
(21.5)
76.9
(24.94)
85.2
(29.56)
94.8
(34.89)
103.9
(39.94)
106.1
(41.17)
104.4
(40.22)
99.8
(37.67)
88.5
(31.39)
75.5
(24.17)
66.0
(18.89)
86.6
(30.33)
Daily mean °F (°C) 56.4
(13.56)
59.7
(15.39)
65.2
(18.44)
72.7
(22.61)
82.1
(27.83)
90.8
(32.67)
94.8
(34.89)
93.6
(34.22)
88.4
(31.33)
76.7
(24.83)
64.1
(17.83)
55.4
(13)
75.1
(23.94)
Average low °F (°C) 45.6
(7.56)
48.7
(9.28)
53.5
(11.94)
60.2
(15.67)
69.4
(20.78)
77.7
(25.39)
83.5
(28.61)
82.7
(28.17)
76.9
(24.94)
64.8
(18.22)
52.7
(11.5)
44.8
(7.11)
63.4
(17.44)
Record low °F (°C) 16
(-8.9)
24
(-4.4)
25
(-3.9)
35
(1.7)
39
(3.9)
49
(9.4)
63
(17.2)
58
(14.4)
47
(8.3)
34
(1.1)
27
(-2.8)
22
(-5.6)
16
(-8.9)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.91
(23.1)
0.92
(23.4)
0.99
(25.1)
0.28
(7.1)
0.11
(2.8)
0.02
(0.5)
1.05
(26.7)
1.00
(25.4)
0.64
(16.3)
0.58
(14.7)
0.65
(16.5)
0.88
(22.4)
8.03
(204)
Humidity 50.9 44.4 39.3 27.8 21.9 19.4 31.6 36.2 35.6 36.9 43.8 51.8 36.6
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 4.1 4.4 3.9 1.7 1.0 0.5 4.2 5.0 2.8 2.5 2.6 3.9 36.6
Sunshine hours 256.0 257.2 318.4 353.6 401.0 407.8 378.5 360.8 328.6 308.9 256.0 244.8 3,871.6
Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990) , Weather.com

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 55.8 square miles (145 km2), of which, 55.7 square miles (144 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.13%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,000
1920 2,737 173.7%
1930 3,665 33.9%
1940 4,855 32.5%
1950 8,179 68.5%
1960 15,893 94.3%
1970 36,228 127.9%
1980 97,172 168.2%
1990 147,864 52.2%
2000 218,812 48.0%
2010 226,721 3.6%
Est. 2015 240,126 5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
2015 Estimate

As of the census of 2000, there were 218,812 people, 75,700 households, and 54,352 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,929.5 people per square mile (1,517.3/km²). There were 79,667 housing units at an average density of 1,430.7 per square mile (552.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.54% White, 4.70% Black or African American, 1.45% Native American, 2.74% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 11.97% from other races, and 3.47% from two or more races. 24.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 75,700 households out of which 39.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the city, the population was spread out with 30.1% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 7.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,015, and the median income for a family was $51,162. Males had a median income of $35,901 versus $27,736 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,124. About 8.8% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.

Notable attractions

Glendale Glitters by Gage Skidmore
Downtown Glendale with Glendale Glitters around Christmas
  • Glendale Chocolate Festival (every February)
  • Glendale Folk & Heritage Festival
  • Glendale Glitters (every December)
  • Glendale Jazz and Blues Festival
  • Historic Manistee Ranch
  • Historic Sahuaro Ranch
  • Cerreta Candy Co. factory tour
  • Downtown Glendale featuring antique shops and restaurants
  • Deer Valley Rock Art Center
  • University of Phoenix Stadium
  • Gila River Arena
  • Brelby Theatre Company
  • Spotlight Youth Theatre

Historic buildings

There are numerous properties in the city of Glendale which are considered to be historical and have been included either in the National Register of Historic Places or the listings of the Glendale Arizona Historical Society. At the end of the article are some of these properties with a short description of the same.

Catlin Court Historic District

Sister Cities

Glendale has one sister city.:

  • Norway - Ørland, Norway

Thunderbird 1 Army Air Field

Images for kids

kids search engine
Glendale, Arizona Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.