La Paz County, Arizona facts for kids

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La Paz County, Arizona
Seal of La Paz County, Arizona
Map
Map of Arizona highlighting La Paz County
Location in the state of Arizona
Map of the USA highlighting Arizona
Arizona's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded January 1, 1983
Seat Parker
Largest town Quartzsite
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

4,514 sq mi (11,691 km²)
4,500 sq mi (11,655 km²)
14 sq mi (36 km²), 0.3%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

20,152
4.5/sq mi (2/km²)
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7
Website: www.co.la-paz.az.us
Courthouse Rock, Eagletail Mts
Courthouse Rock in the Eagletail Mountains, northeastern La Paz County
Wulfenite-258734
Classic wulfenite specimen from the old Red Cloud Mine, western La Paz County

La Paz County is a county in the western part of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 20,489, making it the second-least populous county in Arizona. The county seat is Parker. The name of the county is the Spanish word for "the peace", and is taken from the early settlement (now ghost town) of La Paz along the Colorado River.

La Paz County was established in 1983 after voters approved separating the northern portion of Yuma County, making it the only county to be established after Arizona became a state in 1912. The county did not have a large enough tax base to begin supporting a separate county government immediately and had to rely on state money at first. As a result, Arizona laws were changed to make splitting other existing counties much more difficult. Under the revised Arizona laws, a county shall not be formed or divided by county initiative unless each proposed county would have all of the following characteristics: (1) at least three-fourths of one percent of the total state assessed valuation and at least the statewide per capita assessed valuation; (2) a population of at least three-fourths of one percent of the total state population according to the most recent United States decennial census; (3) at least one hundred square miles of privately owned land; (4) common boundaries with either (a) at least three other existing or proposed counties; or (b) at least two other existing or proposed counties and the state boundary. A county formation commission is required to be formed to evaluate the feasibility of the proposed county. A proposal to divide a county must be approved by a majority of the votes cast in each proposed new county.

The Colorado River Indian Reservation is located in the western portion of the county. Part of the reservation extends westward into San Bernardino and Riverside Counties in California.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,514 sq mi (11691 km²), of which 4500 sq mi (11655 km²) is land and 14 sq mi (36 km²) (0.3%) is water.

Flora and fauna

HadjiAliMonument20080707
Hi Jolly monument near Quartzsite

La Paz County hosts a variety of flora and fauna. The endangered California Fan Palm, Washingtonia filifera grows in a few spots in the county.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Cibola National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Imperial National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Kofa National Wildlife Refuge (part)

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1990 13,844
2000 19,715 42.4%
2010 20,489 3.9%
Est. 2015 20,152 2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1990–2000 2010–2015

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 19,715 people, 8,362 households, and 5,619 families residing in the county. The population density was 4.4 people per square mile (1.7/km²). There were 15,133 housing units at an average density of 3.4/sq mi (1.3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 74.15% white, 0.79% black or African American, 12.53% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 9.35% from other races, and 2.68% from two or more races. 22.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.90% reported speaking Spanish at home.

There were 8,362 households, with 21.20% having children under the age of 18, 54.20% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.80% were non-families. 26.60% of households were made up of individuals and 12.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.79.

The county population had 21.10% under the age of 18, 6.10% from 18 to 24, 20.40% from 25 to 44, 26.60% from 45 to 64, and 25.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 105.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,839, and the median income for a family was $29,141. Males had a median income of $26,642 versus $20,965 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,916. About 13.60% of families and 19.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.50% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,489 people, 9,198 households, and 5,584 families residing in the county. The population density was 4.5//sq mi (1.8/km²). There were 16,049 housing units at an average density of 3.56/sq mi (1.37/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 69.8% white, 12.8% American Indian, 0.6% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 12.5% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 23.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 22.4% were German, 15.9% were Irish, 15.3% were English, and 2.1% were American.

Of the 9,198 households, 19.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.3% were non-families, and 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.72. The median age was 53.9 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,147 and the median income for a family was $37,721. Males had a median income of $35,464 versus $27,484 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,165. About 14.3% of families and 20.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.4% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Major highways

  • I-10 (AZ).svg Interstate 10
  • US 95.svg U.S. Route 95
  • US 60.svg U.S. Route 60
  • Arizona 72.svg State Route 72
  • Arizona 95.svg State Route 95

Airports

Avi Suquilla Airport (FAA LID: P20) is a public use airport located one nautical mile (1.9 km) east of the central business district of Parker, a town in La Paz County. It is owned by the Colorado River Indian Tribes.

Communities

La Paz County Incorporated and Unincorporated areas
Map of La Paz County showing Indian reservation, incorporated areas, and unincorporated area

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated community

Ghost towns

Indian reservations

Colorado River Indian Reservation

County population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of La Paz County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Population (2010 Census) Municipal type Incorporated
1 Quartzsite 3,677 Town 1989
2 Parker 3,083 Town
3 Cienega Springs 1,798 CDP
4 Salome 1,530 CDP
5 Ehrenburg 1,470 CDP
6 Bouse 996 CDP
7 Wenden 728 CDP
8 Bluewater 725 CDP
9 La Paz Valley 699 CDP
10 Brenda 676 CDP
11 Parker Strip 662 CDP
12 Vicksburg 597 CDP
13 Poston 285 CDP
14 Cibola 250 CDP
15 Utting 126 CDP
16 Alamo Lake 25 CDP
17 Sunwest 15 CDP

La Paz County, Arizona Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.