Gilbert, Arizona facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Gilbert, Arizona
Town
Gilbert's Heritage Court as viewed from Gilbert Road
Gilbert's Heritage Court as viewed from Gilbert Road
Official seal of Gilbert, Arizona
Seal
Motto: "a service organization"
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Country United States
State Arizona
County Maricopa
Area
 • Town 76.0 sq mi (121.62 km2)
 • Land 75.76 sq mi (120.98 km2)
 • Water 0.24 sq mi (0.62 km2)
Elevation 1,237 ft (377 m)
Population (2010)
 • Town 208,453
 • Estimate (2015) 247,542
 • Rank US: 85th
 • Density 2,862.12/sq mi (1,788.82/km2)
 • Metro 4,574,531 (US: 12th)
Time zone MST (no DST) (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 85233, 85234, 85295-85298
Area code(s) 480
FIPS code 04-27400
Website www.gilbertaz.gov

Gilbert is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, located southeast of Phoenix, within the Phoenix metropolitan area. Once known as the "Hay Shipping Capital of the World", Gilbert is currently the most populous incorporated town in the United States. Gilbert encompasses 76 square miles (197 km2) and has made a rapid transformation from an agriculture-based community to an economically diverse suburban center located in the southeast valley of the Phoenix metropolitan area. In the last three decades, Gilbert has grown at an extremely high rate, increasing in population from 5,717 in 1980 to 208,453 as of the 2010 census.

History

Gilbert owes its beginnings to William "Bobby" Gilbert who provided land to the Arizona Eastern Railway in 1902 to construct a rail line between Phoenix and Florence, Arizona. Ayer's Grocery Store, the first store in Gilbert, opened in 1910 and became the location of the first post office in 1912. The location of the town post office moved several times before settling on the east side of Gilbert Road in downtown, where it still stands today. In 1912, many Mormons who had fled the Mormon colonies in Mexico due to the actions of the forces of Pancho Villa settled in Gilbert. By 1915, they began holding church meetings at the Gilbert Elementary School. In 1918, they were organized into the Gilbert Ward.

Incorporated in July 1920, Gilbert was primarily a farming community fueled by the rail line and construction of the Roosevelt Dam and the Eastern and Consolidated Canals. It remained an agricultural town for many years and was known as the "Hay Capital of the World" from 1911 until the late 1920s.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, in the 2000 Census, the town had an estimated area of 40 square miles (104 km2). As of 2009, and due to annexations the current Municipal Planning Area of Gilbert has a total area of 76.0 square miles (197 km2), of which, 75.76 square miles (196.2 km2) of it is land and 0.24 square miles (0.6 km2) of it is water.

Climate

Climate data for Gilbert, Arizona
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 89
(31.7)
95
(35)
100
(37.8)
106
(41.1)
118
(47.8)
119
(48.3)
122
(50)
115
(46.1)
113
(45)
107
(41.7)
97
(36.1)
86
(30)
122
(-17.8)
Average high °F (°C) 67
(19.4)
71
(21.7)
77
(25)
85
(29.4)
95
(35)
105
(40.6)
107
(41.7)
105
(40.6)
100
(37.8)
90
(32.2)
75
(23.9)
67
(19.4)
87
(30.56)
Average low °F (°C) 41
(5)
45
(7.2)
49
(9.4)
54
(12.2)
61
(16.1)
70
(21.1)
77
(25)
76
(24.4)
70
(21.1)
59
(15)
47
(8.3)
40
(4.4)
57.4
(14.12)
Record low °F (°C) 15
(-9.4)
19
(-7.2)
24
(-4.4)
30
(-1.1)
37
(2.8)
43
(6.1)
54
(12.2)
51
(10.6)
40
(4.4)
30
(-1.1)
22
(-5.6)
17
(-8.3)
15
(-17.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.01
(25.7)
1.03
(26.2)
1.19
(30.2)
0.33
(8.4)
0.13
(3.3)
0.04
(1)
0.89
(22.6)
1.14
(29)
0.89
(22.6)
0.81
(20.6)
0.77
(19.6)
0.98
(24.9)
9.21
(233.9)
Source: The Weather Channel

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1920 865
1930 791 −8.6%
1940 837 5.8%
1950 1,114 33.1%
1960 1,833 64.5%
1970 1,971 7.5%
1980 5,717 190.1%
1990 29,188 410.5%
2000 109,697 275.8%
2010 208,453 90.0%
Est. 2015 247,542 125.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
2015 Estimate
Gilbert Civic Center
Town Hall building at the Civic Center
VVL
A waterfront in the Val Vista Lakes Community in Gilbert
Downtown Gilbert - SWC Gilbert & Page - 2009-03-23
A view of the southwest corner of Gilbert Road and Page Avenue in Gilbert Arizona. In the background is the Liberty Market and the iconic Gilbert water tower.
SanTan Village - North - 2009-09-20
Photo at SanTan Village looking north towards the Macy's department store on Paseo Drive in Gilbert, Arizona

As of July 1, 2009, Maricopa Association of Governments,

As of the census of 2010, there were 208,453 people, 74,147 housing units, and 3.01 persons per household.

  • Fastest growing municipality in the United States from 1990-2003. U.S. Census Bureau
  • Currently the 4th fastest growing municipality in the United States. U.S. Census Bureau - 2009
  • Ranked by CNN's Money magazine in 2008 as one of the best places to live in the United States.
  • One of the top 25 safest cities in the United States.
  • 34.5% of Gilbert residents hold a bachelor's degree or higher.
  • Highest household median income in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area with Population 50,000+ U.S. Census Bureau 2005

2009 According to Nielsens Claritas Demographics, in 2009 the racial makeup of the town was:

2009 Estimated Population Data by Gender/Age:

  • 31.37 Average Age Male/Female
  • 50.22% Male
    • 30.03 Est. Average Age
  • 49.78% Female
    • 31.82 Est. Average Age
  • 37.14% Population Under 21
  • 33.25% Population Under 18
  • 70.01% Population Over 16
  • 66.76% Population Over 18
  • 62.86% Population Over 21
  • 5.30% Population Over 65

2009 Estimated Population Age 15+ by Marital Status:

  • 20.87% Never Married
  • 66.71% Married, Spouse Present
  • 2.23% Married, Spouse absent
  • 2.11% Widowed
  • 8.07% Divorced

2009 Estimated Population Age 25+ Educational Attainment:

  • 92.33% High School/GED or Higher
  • 37.5% Bachelor's Degree or Higher
  • 10.46% Master's Degree or Higher

2009 Estimated Households by Household Income:

  • $109,213 Average Household Income
  • $89,077 Median Household Income
  • $35,559 Per Capita Income
  • 2.28% of Families are Below the Poverty Level

Religion

Various religious denominations are represented in Gilbert, including 17.26% claiming to be Roman Catholic, 11.12% Protestant and 12.6% Mormon. The town has been known for its high Mormon population, a fact evidenced by the LDS church's building of a temple in Gilbert.

Arts and culture

Historic properties

There are various properties in the town of Gilbert which are considered historical and have been included either in the National Register of Historic Places or listed as such in the Gilbert Historic District. In the gallery at the end of the article are images of some of these properties with a short description of the same.

Music and dance

These performers have been associated with Gilbert:

  • Jimmy Eat World, band
  • Lifehouse, band
  • Lydia, band
  • The Maine, band
  • Scary Kids Scaring Kids, band
  • Elektrolytes, dance crew that won season 7 of America's Best Dance Crew
  • Lindsey Stirling, violinist/dancer/performer, Mesquite High School grad

Sister cities

Gallery of historic buildings


Gilbert, Arizona Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.